Background: Non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTPs) were introduced in thyroid pathology in 2016. NIFTPs are a group of follicular neoplasm with an indolent behaviour. In this study, we gathered a large retrospective cohort of NIFTPs and compared those presenting as solitary lesions and NIFTPs found in multifocal setting. Methods: A retrospective search of NIFTPs was performed, and the clinico-pathological features were recorded. For a subgroup of patients, pre-surgical ultrasound (US) evaluation, cytological diagnosis, and molecular analysis were available. Results: We collected 451 NIFTPs; 254 (56.3%) were truly solitary tumours, while 197 coexisted with one or more NIFTP/cancer. Contrasting unifocal and multifocal settings, NIFTPs size was the only significantly different parameter. Preoperatively, NIFTP nodules mostly showed low-risk US characteristics, indeterminate cytology and a RAS-like molecular profile. Conclusion: NIFTPs often coexist with collateral thyroid tumours. However, no clinical-pathological differences can be observed between solitary and “multifocal” NIFTPs. Despite the well-established clinical indolence of NIFTP, a careful monitoring of the contralateral lobe should not be excluded.

Clinical-Pathological and Molecular Evaluation of 451 NIFTP Patients from a Single Referral Center

Vignali P.;Proietti A.;Macerola E.;Poma A. M.;Torregrossa L.;Ugolini C.;Basolo A.;Matrone A.;Rago T.;Santini F.;Elisei R.;Materazzi G.;Basolo F.
2022

Abstract

Background: Non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTPs) were introduced in thyroid pathology in 2016. NIFTPs are a group of follicular neoplasm with an indolent behaviour. In this study, we gathered a large retrospective cohort of NIFTPs and compared those presenting as solitary lesions and NIFTPs found in multifocal setting. Methods: A retrospective search of NIFTPs was performed, and the clinico-pathological features were recorded. For a subgroup of patients, pre-surgical ultrasound (US) evaluation, cytological diagnosis, and molecular analysis were available. Results: We collected 451 NIFTPs; 254 (56.3%) were truly solitary tumours, while 197 coexisted with one or more NIFTP/cancer. Contrasting unifocal and multifocal settings, NIFTPs size was the only significantly different parameter. Preoperatively, NIFTP nodules mostly showed low-risk US characteristics, indeterminate cytology and a RAS-like molecular profile. Conclusion: NIFTPs often coexist with collateral thyroid tumours. However, no clinical-pathological differences can be observed between solitary and “multifocal” NIFTPs. Despite the well-established clinical indolence of NIFTP, a careful monitoring of the contralateral lobe should not be excluded.
Vignali, P.; Proietti, A.; Macerola, E.; Poma, A. M.; Torregrossa, L.; Ugolini, C.; Basolo, A.; Matrone, A.; Rago, T.; Santini, F.; Elisei, R.; Materazzi, G.; Basolo, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1124706
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