Objective: Idiopathic inflammatory myositis-associated interstitial lung disease (IIM-ILD) significantly increases morbidity and mortality. Lung ultrasound B-lines and Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) are identified as new sonographic and serum markers of ILD, respectively. The aim of our work was to assess the role of B-lines and KL-6 as markers of the severity of IIM-ILD. For this purpose, the correlation among B-lines score, serum KL-6 levels, high-resolution CT (HRCT) score, and pulmonary function tests were investigated in IIM-ILD patients.Methods: Thirty-eight patients with IIM-ILD underwent chest HRCT scans, lung ultrasound and pulmonary function tests (independently performed within 1 week) examination. To assess severity and extent of ILD at HRCT, the Warrick score was used. The B-lines score denoting the extension of ILD was calculated by summing the number of B-lines on a total of 50 scanning sites. Serum KL-6 levels (U/ml) was measured by chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay.Results: A significant correlation was found between the B-lines score and serum KL-6 levels (r = 0.43, P < 0.01), and between the Warrick score and serum KL-6 levels (r = 0.45, P < 0.01). A positive correlation between B-lines score and the Warrick score (r = 0.87, P < 0.0001) was also confirmed. Both B-lines score and KL-6 levels inversely correlated to diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (r = -0.77, P < 0.0001 and r = -0.42, P < 0.05, respectively) and total lung capacity (r = -0.73, P < 0.0001 and r = -0.36, P < 0.05, respectively). Moreover, B-lines correlated inversely with forced vital capacity (r = -0.73, P < 0.0001), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (r = -0.69, P < 0.0001).Conclusion: B-lines score and serum KL-6 levels correlate with HRCT findings and pulmonary function tests, supporting their use as measures of IIM-ILD severity.

Lung ultrasound B-lines and serum KL-6 correlate with the severity of idiopathic inflammatory myositis-associated interstitial lung disease

Gargani, Luna;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Idiopathic inflammatory myositis-associated interstitial lung disease (IIM-ILD) significantly increases morbidity and mortality. Lung ultrasound B-lines and Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) are identified as new sonographic and serum markers of ILD, respectively. The aim of our work was to assess the role of B-lines and KL-6 as markers of the severity of IIM-ILD. For this purpose, the correlation among B-lines score, serum KL-6 levels, high-resolution CT (HRCT) score, and pulmonary function tests were investigated in IIM-ILD patients.Methods: Thirty-eight patients with IIM-ILD underwent chest HRCT scans, lung ultrasound and pulmonary function tests (independently performed within 1 week) examination. To assess severity and extent of ILD at HRCT, the Warrick score was used. The B-lines score denoting the extension of ILD was calculated by summing the number of B-lines on a total of 50 scanning sites. Serum KL-6 levels (U/ml) was measured by chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay.Results: A significant correlation was found between the B-lines score and serum KL-6 levels (r = 0.43, P < 0.01), and between the Warrick score and serum KL-6 levels (r = 0.45, P < 0.01). A positive correlation between B-lines score and the Warrick score (r = 0.87, P < 0.0001) was also confirmed. Both B-lines score and KL-6 levels inversely correlated to diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (r = -0.77, P < 0.0001 and r = -0.42, P < 0.05, respectively) and total lung capacity (r = -0.73, P < 0.0001 and r = -0.36, P < 0.05, respectively). Moreover, B-lines correlated inversely with forced vital capacity (r = -0.73, P < 0.0001), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (r = -0.69, P < 0.0001).Conclusion: B-lines score and serum KL-6 levels correlate with HRCT findings and pulmonary function tests, supporting their use as measures of IIM-ILD severity.
2020
Wang, Yukai; Chen, Shaoqi; Lin, Jianqun; Xie, Xuezhen; Hu, Shijian; Lin, Qisheng; Zheng, Kedi; Du, Guangzhou; Huang, Xiufeng; Zhang, Guohong; Gargani, Luna; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Furst, Daniel E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1162348
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