Latitudinal gradients in species abundance and diversity have been postulated for nearshore taxa but few analyses have been done over sufficiently broad geographic scales incorporating various nearshore depth strata to empirically test these gradients. Typically, gradients are based on literature reviews and species lists and have focused on alpha diversity across the entire nearshore zone. No studies have used a standardized protocol in the field to examine species density among sites across a large spatial scale while also focusing on particular depth strata. The present research used field collected samples in the northern hemisphere to explore the relationships between macroalgal species density and biomass along intertidal heights and subtidal depths and latitude. Results indicated no overall correlations between either estimates of species density or biomass with latitude, although the highest numbers of both were found at mid-latitudes. However, when strata were examined separately, significant positive correlations were found for both species numbers and biomass at particular strata, namely the intertidal ones. While the data presented in this paper have some limitations, we show that latitudinal macroalgal trends in species density and biomass do exist for some strata in the northern hemisphere with more taxa and biomass at higher latitudes.
|Autori:||Konar Brenda; Katrin Iken; Knowlton Ann; Cruz Juan Jose; Benedetti-Cecchi Lisandro, Pohle Gerhard; Miloslavich Patricia; Trott Tom; Kimani Edward; Riosmena-Rodriguez Rafael; Mead Angela; Lindstrom Sandra; Edwards Matthew; Wong Melisa; Shirayama Yoshihisa|
|Titolo:||Current patterns of macroalgal diversity and biomass in northern hemisphere rocky shores|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1371/journal.pone.0013195|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|