The activity of three enzymes involved in the salvage pathway of purine nucleosides-purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP), xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH), an hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT)-was investigated in cellular fractions of the chicken bursa of Fabricius differentially enriched in epithelial cells or lymphocytes. Markedly increasing levels of PNP and XDH were observed along with the enrichment in epithelial cells together with a slight, though significant, decrease in HGPRT activity. By contrast, a dramatic fall in PNP and XDH activities was detected along with the enrichment in lymphocytes together with a slight, though significant, increase in HGPRT activity. This sharply different distribution of the three enzymes, all sharing hypoxanthine as a substrate, clearly indicates that lymphocytes preferentially channel hypoxanthine into the salvage and interconversion pathways, phosphorylating it to IMP, while epithelial cells rapidly catabolize such a purine base to uric acid. Moreover, epithelial cells, unlike lymphocytes, are able to retain high intracellular levels of both hypoxanthine and inosine. These results support the possibility that epithelial cells contribute to the normal development of bursal lymphocytes by supplying such actively proliferating cells with purine rings and at the same time by preventing them from accumulating potentially toxic high levels of purine nucleotides being able to rapidly eliminate excess hypoxanthine as uric acid from the bursa environment into the bloodstream.
|Autori:||SENESI S; FREER G; BATONI G; BARNINI S; GHELARDI E; BIANCHI F; DOLFI A; LUPETTI M; CAMPA M|
|Titolo:||PURINE METABOLISM AND B-LYMPHOCYTE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CHICKEN BURSA OF FABRICIUS|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0145-305X(92)90019-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|