The effects of a single dose of 3 international megaunits of interferon-alpha 2b (IFN-alpha 2b) on hepatitis C virus (HCV) load and quasispecies were examined 24 h after administration in 12 previously untreated, chronically infected patients. All patients had viremia loads appreciably reduced relative to baseline values, thus confirming that the viral load is rapidly affected by IFN-alpha 2b. Five patients also exhibited changes in plasma HCV quasispecies composition that were clearly evident by single-strand conformation polymorphism, analysis, thus indicating that one dose of IFN-alpha 2b may suffice to produce rapid perturbations in the genetic heterogeneity of circulating HCV, Prior to IFN-alpha 2b administration, 3 patients exhibited viral quasispecies differences between plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), Interestingly, in 2 such patients, the viral quasispecies found in the 24-h plasma resembled that in the pre-IFN PBMC. The latter finding raises the possibility that in these patients, the differences in quasispecies composition between pre-IFN and post-IFN plasma resulted from increased representation of lymphoid tissue-originated variants in the latter sample, possibly because of poor sensitivity to IFN-alpha 2b of HCV replication in the lymphoid compartment.
|Autori:||Fornai C; Maggi F; Favilli F; Vatteroni ML; Pistello M; Marchi S; Ciccorossi P; Antonelli G; Bendinelli M|
|Titolo:||Rapid changes in hepatitis C virus quasispecies produced by a single dose of IFN-alpha in chronically infected patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1089/107999001750277899|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|