In the nuclear fusion reactor, ITER, the Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in the Vacuum Vessel has to be managed with pressure suppression systems working at sub-atmospheric pressure. The operating conditions differ considerably from those experienced in the fission nuclear power plants such as BWR. The direct condensation at sub-atmospheric conditions is not sufficiently known, therefore, the effectiveness of systems operating at these particular conditions have to be investigated experimentally. A research program is being carried out at the University of Pisa, funded by ITER, in order to study the steam direct condensation for nuclear fusion reactor conditions. For this purpose, an experimental test facility was designed and built and an extended experimental program was performed. Video cameras were used to visualize the steam condensation at different mass flow rates. This paper deals with the elaboration of images of the steam jet flowing from a hole in the water. The steam condensation regimes depend on three governing parameters: downstream exit pressure, water temperature and steam mass flow rate per hole. Moreover, the condensation regimes are characterized by different shapes of steam jet. The image analysis permitted to determine the heat transfer coefficient in the stable condensation regime at sub-atmospheric conditions. The results obtained are compared with those correspondent at steam condensation at atmospheric pressure, emphasizing the great importance of the downstream exit pressure and the subcooling on the steam condensation.

Direct condensation of steam in a water tank at sub-atmospheric pressures

Giambartolomei G.
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pesetti A.
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lazzeri R.;Merello C.;Aquaro D.
Ultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2020-01-01

Abstract

In the nuclear fusion reactor, ITER, the Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in the Vacuum Vessel has to be managed with pressure suppression systems working at sub-atmospheric pressure. The operating conditions differ considerably from those experienced in the fission nuclear power plants such as BWR. The direct condensation at sub-atmospheric conditions is not sufficiently known, therefore, the effectiveness of systems operating at these particular conditions have to be investigated experimentally. A research program is being carried out at the University of Pisa, funded by ITER, in order to study the steam direct condensation for nuclear fusion reactor conditions. For this purpose, an experimental test facility was designed and built and an extended experimental program was performed. Video cameras were used to visualize the steam condensation at different mass flow rates. This paper deals with the elaboration of images of the steam jet flowing from a hole in the water. The steam condensation regimes depend on three governing parameters: downstream exit pressure, water temperature and steam mass flow rate per hole. Moreover, the condensation regimes are characterized by different shapes of steam jet. The image analysis permitted to determine the heat transfer coefficient in the stable condensation regime at sub-atmospheric conditions. The results obtained are compared with those correspondent at steam condensation at atmospheric pressure, emphasizing the great importance of the downstream exit pressure and the subcooling on the steam condensation.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1177552
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact