Abstract interpretation is a framework to design sound static analyses by over-approximating the set of program behaviours. While over-approximations can prove correctness, they cannot witness incorrectness because false alarms may arise. An ideal, but uncommon, situation is completeness of the abstraction that can ensure no false alarm is introduced by the abstract interpreter. Local Completeness Logic is a proof system that can decide both correctness and incorrectness of a program: any provable triple ⊢A [P] c [Q] in the logic implies completeness of an intensional abstraction of program c on input P and is such that Q can be used to decide (in)correctness. However, completeness itself is an extensional property of the function computed by the program, while the above intensional analysis depends on the way the program is written and therefore not all valid triples can be derived in the proof system. Our main contribution is the study of new inference rules which allow one to perform part of the intensional analysis in a more precise abstract domain, and then to transfer the result back to the coarser domain. With these new rules, all (extensionally) valid triples can be derived in the proof system, thus untying the set of provable properties from the way the program is written.

Logics for Extensional, Locally Complete Analysis via Domain Refinements

Ascari F.
;
Bruni R.
;
Gori R.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Abstract interpretation is a framework to design sound static analyses by over-approximating the set of program behaviours. While over-approximations can prove correctness, they cannot witness incorrectness because false alarms may arise. An ideal, but uncommon, situation is completeness of the abstraction that can ensure no false alarm is introduced by the abstract interpreter. Local Completeness Logic is a proof system that can decide both correctness and incorrectness of a program: any provable triple ⊢A [P] c [Q] in the logic implies completeness of an intensional abstraction of program c on input P and is such that Q can be used to decide (in)correctness. However, completeness itself is an extensional property of the function computed by the program, while the above intensional analysis depends on the way the program is written and therefore not all valid triples can be derived in the proof system. Our main contribution is the study of new inference rules which allow one to perform part of the intensional analysis in a more precise abstract domain, and then to transfer the result back to the coarser domain. With these new rules, all (extensionally) valid triples can be derived in the proof system, thus untying the set of provable properties from the way the program is written.
2023
978-3-031-30043-1
978-3-031-30044-8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1204008
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