NTRODUCTION: Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G), a nonclassical major histocompatibility complex class I antigen, plays a pivotal role in immune tolerance and a paradoxical role in cancers. AIMS: Our aims were to evaluate plasma soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) concentrations and the 14-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism of the HLA-G gene in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and to assess the possible association of these parameters with PTC aggressiveness. METHODS: Samples for the analysis of sHLA-G and +14/-14-bp HLA-G polymorphism were obtained from 121 patients with HT and 183 with PTC; 245 gender- and age-matched healthy subjects served as controls. PTC histopathological aggressiveness was defined according to the last American Thyroid Association guidelines. RESULTS: Positive serum antithyroid antibody titers were observed in 22% of PTC patients and lymphocyte infiltration of thyroid parenchyma at histological examination in 21%, whereas both circulating and histological autoimmunity was detectable in 12% of PTC patients. No differences in the +14/-14-bp polymorphism frequencies were observed between the study groups. The prevalence of detectable sHLA-G was lower in healthy controls (52%) as compared with both HT (57%) and PTC (62%) patients. By stratifying the study groups according to sHLA-G level of positive subjects, significantly higher plasma sHLA-G values in PTC (42.9 ± 3.3 ng/ml; P = 0.002) and HT patients (49.1 ± 2.6 ng/ml; P < 0.002) as compared with healthy controls (8.5 ± 1.8 ng/ml) were obtained. Moreover, PTC patients with detectable plasma sHLA-G levels showed a higher aggressive behavior (P < 0.04) than those without. CONCLUSIONS: Although confirming the frequent association between PTC and chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, these data suggest that elevated circulating sHLA-G levels, besides an important signal of alterations of immune homeostasis, may be considered a potential, novel marker of PTC histopathological aggressiveness at diagnosis. Additional studies are needed to confirm the actual role and clinical relevance of the HLA-G complex in PTC development and progression.

Soluble Human Leukocyte Antigen-G and Its Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Novel Potential Biomarkers of Disease?

DARDANO, ANGELA;TOGNINI, SARA;PASQUALETTI, GIUSEPPE;URSINO, SILVIA;MONZANI, FABIO
2012

Abstract

NTRODUCTION: Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G), a nonclassical major histocompatibility complex class I antigen, plays a pivotal role in immune tolerance and a paradoxical role in cancers. AIMS: Our aims were to evaluate plasma soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) concentrations and the 14-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism of the HLA-G gene in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and to assess the possible association of these parameters with PTC aggressiveness. METHODS: Samples for the analysis of sHLA-G and +14/-14-bp HLA-G polymorphism were obtained from 121 patients with HT and 183 with PTC; 245 gender- and age-matched healthy subjects served as controls. PTC histopathological aggressiveness was defined according to the last American Thyroid Association guidelines. RESULTS: Positive serum antithyroid antibody titers were observed in 22% of PTC patients and lymphocyte infiltration of thyroid parenchyma at histological examination in 21%, whereas both circulating and histological autoimmunity was detectable in 12% of PTC patients. No differences in the +14/-14-bp polymorphism frequencies were observed between the study groups. The prevalence of detectable sHLA-G was lower in healthy controls (52%) as compared with both HT (57%) and PTC (62%) patients. By stratifying the study groups according to sHLA-G level of positive subjects, significantly higher plasma sHLA-G values in PTC (42.9 ± 3.3 ng/ml; P = 0.002) and HT patients (49.1 ± 2.6 ng/ml; P < 0.002) as compared with healthy controls (8.5 ± 1.8 ng/ml) were obtained. Moreover, PTC patients with detectable plasma sHLA-G levels showed a higher aggressive behavior (P < 0.04) than those without. CONCLUSIONS: Although confirming the frequent association between PTC and chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, these data suggest that elevated circulating sHLA-G levels, besides an important signal of alterations of immune homeostasis, may be considered a potential, novel marker of PTC histopathological aggressiveness at diagnosis. Additional studies are needed to confirm the actual role and clinical relevance of the HLA-G complex in PTC development and progression.
Dardano, Angela; Rizzo, R; Polini, A; Stignani, M; Tognini, Sara; Pasqualetti, Giuseppe; Ursino, Silvia; Colato, C; Ferdeghini, M; Baricordi, Or; Monzani, Fabio
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/247229
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 28
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact