Drying of solids is one of the oldest and most common unit operations found in diverse processes. In this paper the drying of hygroscopic textile materials is discussed. The authors have previously investigated the drying kinetic of different fabrics dried by a hot air jet. In this paper a comparison between the convective and electric IR drying is made. In particular two fabrics with fibers which show a different hygroscopic behaviour are analysed: wool and cellulose/cotton. Unlike the convective drying, IR drying is weakly affected by the radiation properties and by the hygroscopic behaviour of the two fabrics. This is likely due to a better diffusion of the heat flux, which is constant over the entire drying surface in the case of IR heating, and produces unexpected results on the nondimensional kinetic parameter (characteristic curve). Wool shows a complete different characteristic curve if dried with IR or with convective flow. The better performances have been reached with MW emitter, but it has been observed that this advantage decreases with the distance of the source from the surface to be dried.

Performances of infrared emitters applied to the porous thin materials drying

DI MARCO, PAOLO;FILIPPESCHI, SAURO
2014

Abstract

Drying of solids is one of the oldest and most common unit operations found in diverse processes. In this paper the drying of hygroscopic textile materials is discussed. The authors have previously investigated the drying kinetic of different fabrics dried by a hot air jet. In this paper a comparison between the convective and electric IR drying is made. In particular two fabrics with fibers which show a different hygroscopic behaviour are analysed: wool and cellulose/cotton. Unlike the convective drying, IR drying is weakly affected by the radiation properties and by the hygroscopic behaviour of the two fabrics. This is likely due to a better diffusion of the heat flux, which is constant over the entire drying surface in the case of IR heating, and produces unexpected results on the nondimensional kinetic parameter (characteristic curve). Wool shows a complete different characteristic curve if dried with IR or with convective flow. The better performances have been reached with MW emitter, but it has been observed that this advantage decreases with the distance of the source from the surface to be dried.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/503882
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