The use of solar energy for industrial purpose at medium-low temperature is receiving attention. As a matter of fact, this temperature range, usually between 80-200°C, requires low cost devices to convert solar energy into useful heat. In particular, the use of CPCs collectors has been suggested in literature because they can be operated without the use of a tracking system, at least within certain limits. The thermal losses of these devices are often reduced by using an evacuated pipe, but this solution increases the manufacturing costs and reduces the reliability and the optical efficiency of the receiver. A series of alternative methods for the thermal losses reduction has been proposed in this paper, for working temperature up to 200°C. Their effectiveness was evaluated by means of a previously validated CFD model. A cylindrical receiver and a concentration ratio of 2 were taken into account. The results were analyzed in terms of temperature contours and thermal efficiency. In particular, the optical efficiency was focused as a key parameter in the performances of a CPC. As conclusion, it was found that a proper arrangement of the absorber with a baffle may entail an improvement of the thermal efficiency without significantly increasing the complexity of the system.

CFD optimization of CPC solar collectors

Francesconi, M.
;
Caposciutti, G.;Antonelli, M.
2018

Abstract

The use of solar energy for industrial purpose at medium-low temperature is receiving attention. As a matter of fact, this temperature range, usually between 80-200°C, requires low cost devices to convert solar energy into useful heat. In particular, the use of CPCs collectors has been suggested in literature because they can be operated without the use of a tracking system, at least within certain limits. The thermal losses of these devices are often reduced by using an evacuated pipe, but this solution increases the manufacturing costs and reduces the reliability and the optical efficiency of the receiver. A series of alternative methods for the thermal losses reduction has been proposed in this paper, for working temperature up to 200°C. Their effectiveness was evaluated by means of a previously validated CFD model. A cylindrical receiver and a concentration ratio of 2 were taken into account. The results were analyzed in terms of temperature contours and thermal efficiency. In particular, the optical efficiency was focused as a key parameter in the performances of a CPC. As conclusion, it was found that a proper arrangement of the absorber with a baffle may entail an improvement of the thermal efficiency without significantly increasing the complexity of the system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/936931
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