The main parasitic threat to freshwater fish is the ciliate Ichthyophthirius multitihis. We developed a real-time PCR assay using SYBR Green (TM) intercalating fluorescent dye for rapid detection and quantification of I. multifiliis. This non-invasive assay was based on the quantification of L multitihis free-swimming stages from filtered water samples, and thus made it possible to preserve host individuals. An alignment of 18S rDNA sequences of I. multifiliis and related species of the ciliate order Hymenostomatida was used to design amplification primers specifically targeting the L multifillis 18S rDNA gene. Different standard curves consisting of 2-fold serial dilutions of DNA extracted from 20, 60, 100 and 1000 I. multifiliis cells were constructed. The assay was able to detect less than 0.5 cell equivalent and showed a strong linearity (R-2 = 0.984). Water samples were collected from 2 tanks containing heavily infected and apparently uninfected Carassius auratus specimens and were used to test this technique. Positive signals were obtained from water samples collected from both tanks, with a deduced concentration ranging from 3 to 58 L multifiliis cells 1(-1). The assay can detect low concentrations of the parasite in water, presumably corresponding to an early phase of the disease. It may, thus, be a valuable tool in assisting in the monitoring and control of ichthyophthiriasis in aquaculture.
|Autori:||Jousson O; Pretti C; Di Bello D; Cognetti-Varriale AM|
|Titolo:||Non-invasive detection and quantification of the parasitic ciliate Ichthyophthirius multifiliis by real-time PCR|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3354/dao065251|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|