AIM: Aim of this study was to evaluate whether timing of laparoscopy lasting longer than two hours before converting to open surgery can worsen the postoperative course during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis (AC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 1,161 patients who underwent urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for AC during the period 2001-2017 were retrospectively analyzed. A conversion to open surgery was performed in 70 (6%) patients. Among these, two groups of patients were identified: group 1 (n=51; 73%) included patients who underwent laparotomy within 2 hours from the beginning of the operation, and group 2 (n=19; 27%) included patients who underwent conversion to open surgery after more than 2 hours of laparoscopy. Patients were analyzed for demographic data and comorbidities. Major outcome measures were mortality, morbidity and length of stay. A p value < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Reasons for conversion to open surgery included severe inflammation (46%), visceral adhesions (27%), inability to manage common bile duct stones (17%), intolerance to pneumoperitoneum (7%) and the presence of a cholecystoduodenal fistula (1%). By comparing these groups, no significant differences were noted regarding overall morbidity (29% vs 42%, p=0.31), mortality (2% vs 5%, p=0.46) and mean postoperative length of stay (8.7 vs 8.2 days, p=0.75). Major postoperative complications (grade III-V according to Clavien and Dindo classification) were significantly more frequent in group 2 (p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: When approaching AC laparoscopically, the decision to convert to open surgery within two hours may prevent the occurrence of major postoperative complications. Early conversion does not seem to affect the mortality and length of hospital stay.

A delayed conversion may increase the risk of major complications in acute cholecystitis approached laparoscopically. A retrospective comparative cohort study

Tartaglia, Dario;Piccini, Lorenzo;Musetti, Serena;Bertolucci, Andrea;Cobuccio, Luigi;Fantacci, Rita;Bianchini, Matteo;Zocco, Giuseppe;Chiarugi, Massimo
2019-01-01

Abstract

AIM: Aim of this study was to evaluate whether timing of laparoscopy lasting longer than two hours before converting to open surgery can worsen the postoperative course during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis (AC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 1,161 patients who underwent urgent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for AC during the period 2001-2017 were retrospectively analyzed. A conversion to open surgery was performed in 70 (6%) patients. Among these, two groups of patients were identified: group 1 (n=51; 73%) included patients who underwent laparotomy within 2 hours from the beginning of the operation, and group 2 (n=19; 27%) included patients who underwent conversion to open surgery after more than 2 hours of laparoscopy. Patients were analyzed for demographic data and comorbidities. Major outcome measures were mortality, morbidity and length of stay. A p value < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Reasons for conversion to open surgery included severe inflammation (46%), visceral adhesions (27%), inability to manage common bile duct stones (17%), intolerance to pneumoperitoneum (7%) and the presence of a cholecystoduodenal fistula (1%). By comparing these groups, no significant differences were noted regarding overall morbidity (29% vs 42%, p=0.31), mortality (2% vs 5%, p=0.46) and mean postoperative length of stay (8.7 vs 8.2 days, p=0.75). Major postoperative complications (grade III-V according to Clavien and Dindo classification) were significantly more frequent in group 2 (p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: When approaching AC laparoscopically, the decision to convert to open surgery within two hours may prevent the occurrence of major postoperative complications. Early conversion does not seem to affect the mortality and length of hospital stay.
2019
Tartaglia, Dario; Piccini, Lorenzo; Musetti, Serena; Bertolucci, Andrea; Cobuccio, Luigi; Fantacci, Rita; Bianchini, Matteo; Zocco, Giuseppe; Galatioto, Christian; Chiarugi, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1002130
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