The dynamics of a molecule subject to a short laser pulse is investigated, with focus on the averaging over initial rotational states and on the optimization of laser parameters for the efficient population transfer between vibrational or electronic states. A relation is established between final state populations obtained with a fixed orientation and those based on a full treatment of the rotational degrees of freedom. In the short-pulse approximation, rotational averaging amounts to integrating the fixed molecule results over all orientations. The theory is applied to a variety of model systems and verified with numerical calculations using gaussian pulses. We calculate target state populations with three procedures: optimizing the laser pulse for a fixed orientation without orientational averaging, averaging without changing the laser parameters, and reoptimizing the parameters after averaging. The analysis of the two-level system provides a reference for the order of magnitude of the effects of averaging. The three-level system brings out the relevant role of the geometry of polarization vectors and transition dipoles. The multiphoton excitation of a Morse oscillator shows the importance of taking into account the dependence of resonance frequencies on the laser intensity. Within a proton transfer model we discuss results obtained with and without chirping and we show that "optimizing after averaging" can be as effective as choosing a more refined pulse shape.
|Autori:||P., VAN LEUVEN; Persico, Maurizio|
|Titolo:||Rotational averaging and optimization of laser-induced population transfer in molecules|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|