The aim of our study was to investigate how denaturing agents commonly used in protein analysis influence the labeling between a reactive molecule and proteins. For this reason, we investigated the labeling of ovalbumin (OVA) as a globular model protein with p-hydroxymercurybenzoate (pHMB) in its native state (phosphate buffer solution) and in different denaturing conditions (8 molL(-1) urea, 3 molL(-1) guanidinium thiocyanate, 6 molL(-1) guanidinium chloride, 0.2% sodium dodecyl sulfate, and 20% methanol). In addition to chemical denaturation, thermal denaturation was also tested. The protein was pre-column simultaneously denatured and derivatized, and the pHMB-labeled denatured OVA complexes were analyzed by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) coupled online with chemical vapor generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry (CVG-AFS). The number of -SH groups titrated greatly depends on the protein structure in solution. Indeed, we found that, depending on the adopted denaturing conditions, OVA gave different aggregate species that influence the complexation process. The results were compared with those obtained by a common alternative procedure for the titration of -SH groups that employs monobromobimane (mBBr) as tagging molecule and molecular fluorescence spectroscopy as detection technique. We also investigated the labeling kinetics for denatured OVA and pHMB, finding that the 4 thiolic groups of OVA have a very different reactivity toward mercury labeling, in agreement with previous studies.
CAMPANELLA, BEATRICE (Primo)
|Autori:||Campanella, B.; Onor, M.; Biancalana, L.; D'Ulivo, A.; Bramanti, E.|
|Titolo:||Ovalbumin labeling with p-hydroxymercurybenzoate: The effect of different denaturing agents and the kinetics of reaction|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ab.2015.04.031|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|