In an attempt to confirm the presence of endogenous substances with cardiac glycoside-like activity, the biological and immunological cardiac glycoside-like activity was measured by a sensitive solid-phase radioimmunological assay (RIA), two radioreceptor assays (RRA), and a 86Rb uptake method in normal subjects and in some pathophysiological conditions characterized by sodium retention and volume expansion. Significant concentrations of digoxin-like immunoreactive substances (DLIS) were measured in plasma (or serum) of normal subjects while significantly higher levels were found in pregnant women, newborns and in patients with renal impairment, and in some with essential hypertension. Concentrations in urine of normal adults or newborns were several times higher than in plasma. The results obtained by RIA correlated with those obtained by RRA and 86Rb uptake methods. In 88 normal subjects, DLIS excretion rates (overnight urine collection) in men were significantly higher than in women (68.6 +/- 23.6 pg/min vs 50.9 +/- 21.0 pg/min, p less than 0.01). The DLIS excretion rates correlated with creatinine, Na and K urinary excretion rates, and also with the subjects' body weight, height, body mass index, and systolic blood pressure. These findings confirm the presence of endogenous substances with immunological and biological activity similar to cardiac glycosides in human body fluids and also confirm the hypothesis that these endogenous factors may be involved in fluid and electrolyte regulation in man. In addition, the present data indicate that urinary excretion of DLIS is dependent on body mass and renal glomerular filtration.
|Autori:||Clerico A; Balzan S; Del Chicca MG; Paci A; Cocci F; Bertelli A.|
|Titolo:||Endogenous cardiac glycoside-like substances in newborns, adults, pregnant women and patients with hypertension or renal insufficiency.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1988|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|