Several in vitro experiments have highlighted that the Polycomb group protein BMI1 plays a pivotal role in determining the biological functions of the Polycomb Repressor Complex 1 (PRC1), including its E3-ligase activity towards the Lys119 of histone H2A to yield ubiquitinated uH2A. The role of BMI1 in the epigenetic activity of PRC1 is particularly relevant in several cancers, particularly Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). In this study, using indirect immunofluorescence protocols implemented on a confocal microscopy apparatus, we investigated the relationship between BMI1 and uH2A at different resolutions, in cultured (A549) and clinical NSCLC tissues, at the single cell level. In both cases, we observed a linear dependence of uH2A concentration upon BMI1 expression at the single nucleus level, indicating that the association of BMI1 to PRC1, which is needed for E3-ligase activity, occurs linearly in the physiological BMI1 concentration range. Additionally, in the NSCLC cell line model, a minor pool of uH2A may exist in absence of concurrent BMI1 expression, indicating non-exclusive, although predominant, role of BMI1 in the amplification of the E3-ligase activity of PRC1. A pharmacological downregulator of BMI1, PTC-209, was also tested in this context. Finally, the absence of significant colocalization (as measured by the Pearson's coefficient) between BMI1 and uH2A submicron clusters hints to a dynamic model where PRC1 resides transiently at ubiquitination sites. Beside unveiling subtle functional relationships between BMI1 and uH2A, these results also validate the use of uH2A as downstream "reporter" for BMI1 activity at the nuclear level in NSCLC contexts.
BIZZARRI, RANIERI (Ultimo)
|Autori:||Storti, B.; Civita, S.; Faraci, P.; Maroni, G.; Krishnan, I.; Levantini, E.; Bizzarri, R.|
|Titolo:||Fluorescence imaging of biochemical relationship between ubiquitinated histone 2A and Polycomb complex protein BMI1|
|Anno del prodotto:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bpc.2019.106225|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|