Numerous pieces of evidence support the expression by the mammalian retina of Hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT, EC 2.1.1.4), the enzyme directly responsible for the biosynthesis of the pineal chronobiotic hormone melatonin (MLT). However, conflicting results obtained so far by enzyme-kinetic and immune-detection techniques still make HIOMT presence and relevance in the eye a matter of debate. This work aimed at evaluating unambiguously HIOMT activity in the mouse retina, a valuable model for studying the effects of MLT variations on ocular pathophysiology. Since laboratory mouse strains can bear genetic polymorphisms yielding defective enzymes of MLT biosynthesis, retinas and control pineal glands used in this study were obtained in a MLT-proficient crossing of A/J mice, the A/J/C57BL/10 strain. To improve the radiochemical reference assay, we tested different homogenization procedures coupled with HPLC detection. Concomitantly, we quantified MLT, and its precursor N-acetyl-serotonin (NAS) by HPLC coupled to electrochemical detection in retinas isolated from either light- or dark-adapted mice. Results showed that the standard radio-chemical assay was successful for pineal HIOMT only, whereas specific homogenization buffers and HPLC were required to detect retinal activity, presumably due to interfering methyl-transferases inhibited by NAS. Under present conditions, retinal HIOMT Vmax accounted for by ≈ 40 fmol/h/mg protein, 2.6-hundreds-fold lower than the pineal counterpart, displaying equivalent KMs (≈10 μM). Moreover, NAS and MLT rapidly decreased in light-exposed isolated retinas, corroborating light-sensitive in-situ MLT formation. Conclusively, we measured mouse retinal HIOMT kinetics under basal conditions, a useful result to elucidate the regulatory patterns, the possible impact on eye health, and therapeutic approaches related to this enzyme.

Hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT) activity in the retina of melatonin-proficient mice

Betti L.
Primo
;
Palego L.;Demontis G. C.;Miraglia F.;Giannaccini G.
Ultimo
2019-01-01

Abstract

Numerous pieces of evidence support the expression by the mammalian retina of Hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT, EC 2.1.1.4), the enzyme directly responsible for the biosynthesis of the pineal chronobiotic hormone melatonin (MLT). However, conflicting results obtained so far by enzyme-kinetic and immune-detection techniques still make HIOMT presence and relevance in the eye a matter of debate. This work aimed at evaluating unambiguously HIOMT activity in the mouse retina, a valuable model for studying the effects of MLT variations on ocular pathophysiology. Since laboratory mouse strains can bear genetic polymorphisms yielding defective enzymes of MLT biosynthesis, retinas and control pineal glands used in this study were obtained in a MLT-proficient crossing of A/J mice, the A/J/C57BL/10 strain. To improve the radiochemical reference assay, we tested different homogenization procedures coupled with HPLC detection. Concomitantly, we quantified MLT, and its precursor N-acetyl-serotonin (NAS) by HPLC coupled to electrochemical detection in retinas isolated from either light- or dark-adapted mice. Results showed that the standard radio-chemical assay was successful for pineal HIOMT only, whereas specific homogenization buffers and HPLC were required to detect retinal activity, presumably due to interfering methyl-transferases inhibited by NAS. Under present conditions, retinal HIOMT Vmax accounted for by ≈ 40 fmol/h/mg protein, 2.6-hundreds-fold lower than the pineal counterpart, displaying equivalent KMs (≈10 μM). Moreover, NAS and MLT rapidly decreased in light-exposed isolated retinas, corroborating light-sensitive in-situ MLT formation. Conclusively, we measured mouse retinal HIOMT kinetics under basal conditions, a useful result to elucidate the regulatory patterns, the possible impact on eye health, and therapeutic approaches related to this enzyme.
Betti, L.; Palego, L.; Demontis, G. C.; Miraglia, F.; Giannaccini, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1016203
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