Patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules (Bethesda III and IV) are often treated with diagnostic lobectomy, which in most cases represents an overtreatment. A reliable rule-out molecular test could spare patients unnecessary surgery. Stained smears of 88 indeterminate thyroid nodules with histologic diagnosis of follicular-patterned tumors were selected: 34 follicular adenomas (FAs), 34 follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinomas (FVPTCs), and 20 noninvasive follicular neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTPs). The expression level of 126 genes was measured by digital counting. Mutation testing was performed for the main gene mutations and fusions. Performance of gene expression and mutation tests was calculated by receiver operating characteristic analysis. The gene expression model showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 88%, with 91% negative predictive value in FAs and FVPTCs only. Part of NIFTPs was labeled as benign, and part was labeled as malignant; thus, the classifier performance worsened. Two FAs (5.9%), eight NIFTPs (40%), and 22 FVPTCs (64.7%) were mutation positive. Mutation testing AUC was 79% in FAs and FVPTCs, and decreased by including NIFTPs. This gene expression-based test was feasible in thyroid-stained smears, showed higher AUC than mutation test, and had a high negative predictive value-making it a good candidate as a rule-out test for indeterminate thyroid cytology. NIFTPs have a heterogeneous phenotype, and their preoperative diagnosis requires further investigation.

Digital Gene Expression Analysis on Cytology Smears Can Rule Out Malignancy in Follicular-Patterned Thyroid Tumors

Macerola, Elisabetta;Poma, Anello Marcello;Proietti, Agnese;Ugolini, Clara;Rago, Teresa;Vitti, Paolo;Basolo, Fulvio
2019

Abstract

Patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules (Bethesda III and IV) are often treated with diagnostic lobectomy, which in most cases represents an overtreatment. A reliable rule-out molecular test could spare patients unnecessary surgery. Stained smears of 88 indeterminate thyroid nodules with histologic diagnosis of follicular-patterned tumors were selected: 34 follicular adenomas (FAs), 34 follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinomas (FVPTCs), and 20 noninvasive follicular neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTPs). The expression level of 126 genes was measured by digital counting. Mutation testing was performed for the main gene mutations and fusions. Performance of gene expression and mutation tests was calculated by receiver operating characteristic analysis. The gene expression model showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 88%, with 91% negative predictive value in FAs and FVPTCs only. Part of NIFTPs was labeled as benign, and part was labeled as malignant; thus, the classifier performance worsened. Two FAs (5.9%), eight NIFTPs (40%), and 22 FVPTCs (64.7%) were mutation positive. Mutation testing AUC was 79% in FAs and FVPTCs, and decreased by including NIFTPs. This gene expression-based test was feasible in thyroid-stained smears, showed higher AUC than mutation test, and had a high negative predictive value-making it a good candidate as a rule-out test for indeterminate thyroid cytology. NIFTPs have a heterogeneous phenotype, and their preoperative diagnosis requires further investigation.
Macerola, Elisabetta; Poma, Anello Marcello; Proietti, Agnese; Romani, Rossana; Torregrossa, Liborio; Ugolini, Clara; Rago, Teresa; Vitti, Paolo; Basolo, Fulvio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1019898
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