The corner mechanism in masonry structures is one of the out-of-plane modes that may fre-quently occur under dynamic actions such as earthquakes. The three dimensional motion, in principle complex to treat, can be simplified into a two-dimensional problem, where a pris-matic equivalent block is associated to the corner mechanism. This paper provides a method to treat the corner mechanism in two dimensional rocking analysis, taking into account the roof actions – especially the roof thrust that acts as destabilizing force in the preliminary phases of motion – and the boundary conditions such as the transverse walls. A case study is taken as benchmark to perform rocking non-linear analyses and discuss the role of geometry, energy dissipation and boundary conditions. It is shown the relevant influence of the geometry and of the coefficient of restitution on the stability conditions, whenever the oscillation pro-duce horizontal displacement values of some cm. The results of the case study, subjected to the Central Italy earthquake, are compared to the actual response of the corner mechanism, which collapsed during this seismic swarm, showing that the rocking analysis on the equiva-lent block correctly predicts the collapse occurred.

### One-Sided rocking analysis of corner mechanisms in masonry structures: Influence of geometry, energy dissipation, boundary conditions

#### Abstract

The corner mechanism in masonry structures is one of the out-of-plane modes that may fre-quently occur under dynamic actions such as earthquakes. The three dimensional motion, in principle complex to treat, can be simplified into a two-dimensional problem, where a pris-matic equivalent block is associated to the corner mechanism. This paper provides a method to treat the corner mechanism in two dimensional rocking analysis, taking into account the roof actions – especially the roof thrust that acts as destabilizing force in the preliminary phases of motion – and the boundary conditions such as the transverse walls. A case study is taken as benchmark to perform rocking non-linear analyses and discuss the role of geometry, energy dissipation and boundary conditions. It is shown the relevant influence of the geometry and of the coefficient of restitution on the stability conditions, whenever the oscillation pro-duce horizontal displacement values of some cm. The results of the case study, subjected to the Central Italy earthquake, are compared to the actual response of the corner mechanism, which collapsed during this seismic swarm, showing that the rocking analysis on the equiva-lent block correctly predicts the collapse occurred.
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2019
Giresini, Linda; Solarino, Fabio; Paganelli, Olivia; Oliveira, Daniel; Froli, Maurizio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1023415`