Risk insurance for disasters plays a relevant part towards the implementation of risk reduction strategies during the pre-disaster phase. This is essential to support risk management towards decreasing the marginal risk allowing policy holders to transfer risk to avoid considerable financial loads from the costs occurred during the recovery phase in an post-disaster phase. There is evidence that the introduction of an integrated risk insurance strategy for community resilience planning is still lacking. Thus, this undermines the possibility to have proper optimized holistic risk management; on one hand this strengthens pre-disaster risk mitigation measures, mostly relying on mitigative infrastructural solutions, and on the other hand it better defines risk prevention strategies mostly connected to land planning and urban development. This paper will show how insurance markets can play a key role towards mitigating the economic consequences of natural and climate change disaster, and how is essential to better quantify the beneficial effects and cost of engineer-based mitigative solutions. In this context, the legal framework into which the actuarial quantitative model can be implemented will support the creation of an integrated multidisciplinary approach with potential implementation on a novel platform capable of collecting and processing information from different sources and dimensions such as blockchain technology. The scientific community is, in fact, increasingly interested in implementing blockchain technology to overcome problems linked to the contractual dimension of natural disaster risk insurance which can be interpreted as a sort of smart contracting. Through a study that involved four distinct areas, namely: law, environmental engineering, insurance and IT, this paper proposes a specific multidisciplinary methodology to achieve the drafting and implementation of a digital insurance contract on a blockchain platform against natural hazards. This paper proposes the base for a further quantitative concept to optimize the impact of catastrophe risk insurance onto the community resilience in fact providing a key synergy for definition of pre-disaster conditions.

Implementation of Blockchain Technology in Insurance Contracts Against Natural Hazards: A Methodological Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Pagano, Andrea Jonathan;Vannucci, Emanuele
2019-01-01

Abstract

Risk insurance for disasters plays a relevant part towards the implementation of risk reduction strategies during the pre-disaster phase. This is essential to support risk management towards decreasing the marginal risk allowing policy holders to transfer risk to avoid considerable financial loads from the costs occurred during the recovery phase in an post-disaster phase. There is evidence that the introduction of an integrated risk insurance strategy for community resilience planning is still lacking. Thus, this undermines the possibility to have proper optimized holistic risk management; on one hand this strengthens pre-disaster risk mitigation measures, mostly relying on mitigative infrastructural solutions, and on the other hand it better defines risk prevention strategies mostly connected to land planning and urban development. This paper will show how insurance markets can play a key role towards mitigating the economic consequences of natural and climate change disaster, and how is essential to better quantify the beneficial effects and cost of engineer-based mitigative solutions. In this context, the legal framework into which the actuarial quantitative model can be implemented will support the creation of an integrated multidisciplinary approach with potential implementation on a novel platform capable of collecting and processing information from different sources and dimensions such as blockchain technology. The scientific community is, in fact, increasingly interested in implementing blockchain technology to overcome problems linked to the contractual dimension of natural disaster risk insurance which can be interpreted as a sort of smart contracting. Through a study that involved four distinct areas, namely: law, environmental engineering, insurance and IT, this paper proposes a specific multidisciplinary methodology to achieve the drafting and implementation of a digital insurance contract on a blockchain platform against natural hazards. This paper proposes the base for a further quantitative concept to optimize the impact of catastrophe risk insurance onto the community resilience in fact providing a key synergy for definition of pre-disaster conditions.
2019
Pagano, Andrea Jonathan; Romagnoli, Francesco; Vannucci, Emanuele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1025241
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