This retrospective study investigated predisposing factors and ultrasound features in dogs (n = 36) and cats (n = 2) with emphysematous cystitis (EC). Urinary tract infection was present in 25 patients (65.8%), impaired immune system in 10 (26.3%), bladder stones in 9 (23.7%) and neurologic bladder in 7 (18.4%). Diabetes mellitus was present in only 4 patients (10.5%). Most patients had positive urine culture (n = 35; 92.1%), with elevated concentration of Escherichia coli in 25 patients (71.4%). The most common ultrasound features were diffuse thickening of the urinary bladder (n = 15; 39.5%), polyps (n = 9; 23.7%), and focal thickening (n = 4; 10.5%). In 13 patients (34.2%) the bladder wall was not assessable, due to excessive bladder gas. Bladder gas was mostly identified in the lumen (n = 18; 47.4%), followed by the bladder wall (n = 11; 28.9%), and wall and lumen (n = 9; 23.7%).

Emphysematous cystitis: Retrospective evaluation of predisposing factors and ultrasound features in 36 dogs and 2 cats

Lippi, Ilaria;Citi, Simonetta
2019-01-01

Abstract

This retrospective study investigated predisposing factors and ultrasound features in dogs (n = 36) and cats (n = 2) with emphysematous cystitis (EC). Urinary tract infection was present in 25 patients (65.8%), impaired immune system in 10 (26.3%), bladder stones in 9 (23.7%) and neurologic bladder in 7 (18.4%). Diabetes mellitus was present in only 4 patients (10.5%). Most patients had positive urine culture (n = 35; 92.1%), with elevated concentration of Escherichia coli in 25 patients (71.4%). The most common ultrasound features were diffuse thickening of the urinary bladder (n = 15; 39.5%), polyps (n = 9; 23.7%), and focal thickening (n = 4; 10.5%). In 13 patients (34.2%) the bladder wall was not assessable, due to excessive bladder gas. Bladder gas was mostly identified in the lumen (n = 18; 47.4%), followed by the bladder wall (n = 11; 28.9%), and wall and lumen (n = 9; 23.7%).
2019
Lippi, Ilaria; Mannucci, Tommaso; Santa, Daniele Della; Barella, Gabriele; Oranges, Martina; Citi, Simonetta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1026823
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