Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) are organ-specific autoimmune disorders mediated by Th1 lymphocytes, whose main clinical presentations are Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), or Graves' disease (GD). HT, GD, thyroid autoantibodies and thyroid dysfunctions have been shown in systemic rheumatologic diseases (as Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, or cryoglobulinemia). New associations of AITD with other autoimmune diseases are being discovered, for example with psoriatic arthritis and dermatological diseases. Several investigations suggest the importance of a shared genetic susceptibility and of environmental factors in patients with AITD and associated systemic autoimmunity. A major Th1 autoimmune response occurs in the initial, and/or active phases of organ-specific autoimmune disorders and/or systemic rheumatologic diseases with increased serum, or tissue, expressions of the Th1 chemokine CXCL10. Thyroid dysfunctions might have an important clinical impact, so a periodic thyroid screening in women with systemic or dermatological autoimmunity, overall in presence of thyroid autoantibodies is suggested.

The aggregation between AITD with rheumatologic, or dermatologic, autoimmune diseases

Fallahi P.;Camastra S.;Ferrari S. M.;Antonelli A.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) are organ-specific autoimmune disorders mediated by Th1 lymphocytes, whose main clinical presentations are Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), or Graves' disease (GD). HT, GD, thyroid autoantibodies and thyroid dysfunctions have been shown in systemic rheumatologic diseases (as Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, or cryoglobulinemia). New associations of AITD with other autoimmune diseases are being discovered, for example with psoriatic arthritis and dermatological diseases. Several investigations suggest the importance of a shared genetic susceptibility and of environmental factors in patients with AITD and associated systemic autoimmunity. A major Th1 autoimmune response occurs in the initial, and/or active phases of organ-specific autoimmune disorders and/or systemic rheumatologic diseases with increased serum, or tissue, expressions of the Th1 chemokine CXCL10. Thyroid dysfunctions might have an important clinical impact, so a periodic thyroid screening in women with systemic or dermatological autoimmunity, overall in presence of thyroid autoantibodies is suggested.
Fallahi, P.; Elia, G.; Ragusa, F.; Ruffilli, I.; Camastra, S.; Giusti, C.; Paparo, S. R.; Gonnella, D.; Shoenfeld, Y.; Ferrari, S. M.; Antonelli, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1027817
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