AIM: An acute phase response is induced after non-surgical periodontal treatment (SRP). The main aim of this study was to compare acute phase (24-hr) and medium-term (3-months) inflammation and clinical outcomes after SRP with or without application of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥ 6 mm. METHODS: Thirty-eight periodontitis-affected subjects were randomized to SRP or SRP + EMD. Periodontal parameters were recorded at baseline and 3 months. Serum samples were collected at baseline, 1 and 90 days after treatment. RESULTS: Both treatments triggered an intense acute inflammation on day 1, which regressed to baseline values at 3 months. D-dimer and cystatin C levels did not show sharp increases in SRP + EMD group 24 hr after treatment, compared to SRP. Significant difference between groups was observed for D-dimer (p < 0.001). EMD application was also associated with better periodontal healing as shown by greater PPD reduction and clinical attachment level gain in sites with PPD ≥ 6 mm, and higher number of cases with no residual PPD ≥ 6 mm (p < 0.05) at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: EMD application after non-SRP resulted in lower fibrinolysis, and better periodontal healing of deep pockets. These initial observations warrant further investigations on the potential to modulate both local and systemic outcomes of non-SRP. NCT03544931.

Enamel matrix derivative stabilizes blood clot and improves clinical healing in deep pockets after flapless periodontal therapy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Graziani F.
Primo
;
Gennai S.;Petrini M.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

AIM: An acute phase response is induced after non-surgical periodontal treatment (SRP). The main aim of this study was to compare acute phase (24-hr) and medium-term (3-months) inflammation and clinical outcomes after SRP with or without application of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥ 6 mm. METHODS: Thirty-eight periodontitis-affected subjects were randomized to SRP or SRP + EMD. Periodontal parameters were recorded at baseline and 3 months. Serum samples were collected at baseline, 1 and 90 days after treatment. RESULTS: Both treatments triggered an intense acute inflammation on day 1, which regressed to baseline values at 3 months. D-dimer and cystatin C levels did not show sharp increases in SRP + EMD group 24 hr after treatment, compared to SRP. Significant difference between groups was observed for D-dimer (p < 0.001). EMD application was also associated with better periodontal healing as shown by greater PPD reduction and clinical attachment level gain in sites with PPD ≥ 6 mm, and higher number of cases with no residual PPD ≥ 6 mm (p < 0.05) at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: EMD application after non-SRP resulted in lower fibrinolysis, and better periodontal healing of deep pockets. These initial observations warrant further investigations on the potential to modulate both local and systemic outcomes of non-SRP. NCT03544931.
2019
Graziani, F.; Gennai, S.; Petrini, M.; Bettini, L.; Tonetti, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1029536
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