BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Childhood obesity promotes adverse changes in cardiovascular structure and function. This study evaluated whether alterations in skin microcirculation were already present in obese adolescents in a pre-clinical phase of cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: After an overnight fasting 22 obese adolescents and 24 normal-weight controls of similar age and gender distribution underwent clinical and blood examination and assessment of microvascular function by using two non-invasive techniques such as Peripheral Artery Tonometry (PAT) and Laser-Doppler Flowmetry (LDF). As compared to normal weight subjects, obese children had higher blood pressure, were significantly more hyper-insulinemic and insulin resistant, showing significantly higher plasma total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). LDF showed lower pre- and post-occlusion forearm skin perfusion (perfusion units/second (PU/sec); median [IQR]) in obese than in normal weight subjects (pre-occlusion: 1633.8 [1023.5] vs. 2281.1 [1344.2]; p = 0.015. Post-occlusion: 4811.3 [4068.9] vs. 7072.8 [7298.8]; p = 0.021), while PAT revealed similar values of reactive hyperemia index (RHI). In entire population, fat mass % (FM%) was an independent determinant of both pre-and post-occlusion skin perfusion. Finally, being obese was associated with a higher risk to have a reduction of both pre- and post-occlusion skin perfusion (OR = 5,82 and 9,27, respectively). CONCLUSION: LDF showed very early, pre-clinical, vascular involvement in obese adolescents, characterized by impaired skin microcirculation, possibly reflecting a more diffuse microvascular dysfunction to other body tissues. Whether changing life style and improving weight may reverse such pre-clinical alterations remains to be established. Copyright © 2019 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Preclinical vascular alterations in obese adolescents detected by Laser-Doppler Flowmetry technique.

Fusco E;Pesce M;Bianchi V;Peroni D;Federico G.
2019-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Childhood obesity promotes adverse changes in cardiovascular structure and function. This study evaluated whether alterations in skin microcirculation were already present in obese adolescents in a pre-clinical phase of cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: After an overnight fasting 22 obese adolescents and 24 normal-weight controls of similar age and gender distribution underwent clinical and blood examination and assessment of microvascular function by using two non-invasive techniques such as Peripheral Artery Tonometry (PAT) and Laser-Doppler Flowmetry (LDF). As compared to normal weight subjects, obese children had higher blood pressure, were significantly more hyper-insulinemic and insulin resistant, showing significantly higher plasma total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). LDF showed lower pre- and post-occlusion forearm skin perfusion (perfusion units/second (PU/sec); median [IQR]) in obese than in normal weight subjects (pre-occlusion: 1633.8 [1023.5] vs. 2281.1 [1344.2]; p = 0.015. Post-occlusion: 4811.3 [4068.9] vs. 7072.8 [7298.8]; p = 0.021), while PAT revealed similar values of reactive hyperemia index (RHI). In entire population, fat mass % (FM%) was an independent determinant of both pre-and post-occlusion skin perfusion. Finally, being obese was associated with a higher risk to have a reduction of both pre- and post-occlusion skin perfusion (OR = 5,82 and 9,27, respectively). CONCLUSION: LDF showed very early, pre-clinical, vascular involvement in obese adolescents, characterized by impaired skin microcirculation, possibly reflecting a more diffuse microvascular dysfunction to other body tissues. Whether changing life style and improving weight may reverse such pre-clinical alterations remains to be established. Copyright © 2019 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2019
Fusco, E; Pesce, M; Bianchi, V; Randazzo, E; Del Ry, S; Peroni, D; Rossi, M; Federico, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1031756
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