Objective: Interleukin (IL)-1β is involved in obesity-associated inflammation and in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Our aim was to correlate serum IL-1β and caspase-1 levels with weight loss, glucose metabolism, and insulin resistance (IR) after bariatric surgery. Methods: A total of 32 patients with morbid obesity and T2D (Ob-T2D) and 29 patients with morbid obesity and normal glucose tolerance (Ob-NGT), treated by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, were studied before and 1 year after surgery. Sixteen healthy individuals served as a control (HC) group. IR was assessed by the oral glucose insulin sensitivity method. Plasma IL-1β levels and caspase-1 were measured. Results: Presurgery BMI was similar in Ob-NGT and Ob-T2D. IR was progressively impaired in Ob-NGT and Ob-T2D (P < 0.0001). Fasting plasma IL-1β and caspase-1 levels were lower in HCs than in patients with Ob-NGT or Ob-T2D (P < 0.02; P = 0.05), and both were inversely correlated with IR (P = 0.01; P = 0.02). After surgery, BMI decreased and IR improved to a similar extent in Ob-NGT and Ob-T2D (P < 0.0001). Plasma caspase-1 concentrations normalized in both groups (P < 0.0001), whereas plasma IL-1β levels normalized only in Ob-NGT. Conclusions: Plasma IL-1β and caspase-1 levels were inversely correlated with IR. Caspase-1 levels normalized after weight loss, whereas IL-1β normalized only in people without T2D, suggesting the persistence of a systemic inflammatory condition in people with T2D.

Differential Impact of Weight Loss and Glycemic Control on Inflammasome Signaling

Antonioli L.
Primo
;
Moriconi D.
Secondo
;
Masi S.;Bottazzo D.;Pellegrini C.;Fornai M.;Ferrannini E.;Blandizzi C.;Taddei S.
Penultimo
;
Nannipieri M.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Interleukin (IL)-1β is involved in obesity-associated inflammation and in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Our aim was to correlate serum IL-1β and caspase-1 levels with weight loss, glucose metabolism, and insulin resistance (IR) after bariatric surgery. Methods: A total of 32 patients with morbid obesity and T2D (Ob-T2D) and 29 patients with morbid obesity and normal glucose tolerance (Ob-NGT), treated by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, were studied before and 1 year after surgery. Sixteen healthy individuals served as a control (HC) group. IR was assessed by the oral glucose insulin sensitivity method. Plasma IL-1β levels and caspase-1 were measured. Results: Presurgery BMI was similar in Ob-NGT and Ob-T2D. IR was progressively impaired in Ob-NGT and Ob-T2D (P < 0.0001). Fasting plasma IL-1β and caspase-1 levels were lower in HCs than in patients with Ob-NGT or Ob-T2D (P < 0.02; P = 0.05), and both were inversely correlated with IR (P = 0.01; P = 0.02). After surgery, BMI decreased and IR improved to a similar extent in Ob-NGT and Ob-T2D (P < 0.0001). Plasma caspase-1 concentrations normalized in both groups (P < 0.0001), whereas plasma IL-1β levels normalized only in Ob-NGT. Conclusions: Plasma IL-1β and caspase-1 levels were inversely correlated with IR. Caspase-1 levels normalized after weight loss, whereas IL-1β normalized only in people without T2D, suggesting the persistence of a systemic inflammatory condition in people with T2D.
Antonioli, L.; Moriconi, D.; Masi, S.; Bottazzo, D.; Pellegrini, C.; Fornai, M.; Anselmino, M.; Ferrannini, E.; Blandizzi, C.; Taddei, S.; Nannipieri, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1034671
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