AIM: Several neutrophil functions can be modified by rhG-CSF administration. Neutrophil morphology changes in the course of treatment with Filgrastim (nonglycosylated rhG-CSF), along with impairment of chemotaxis. Both morphology and chemotaxis are not affected by treatment with Lenograstim (glycosylated rhG-CSF). Thus, we evaluated actin polymerization in neutrophils induced by treatment with the two forms of rhG-CSF. In fact, actin polymerization is crucial for neutrophil motility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated twelve healthy subjects undergoing peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) mobilization for allogeneic transplantation to HLA-identical siblings. Neutrophils were isolated by peripheral venous blood before and after administration of either Filgrastim (six PBSC donors) or Lenograstim (six PBSC donors). Actin polymerization was investigated by a flow cytometric assay, using FITC-phalloidin as a specific probe for F-actin, and two parameters were measured: spontaneous actin polymerization in resting neutrophils; fMLP-stimulated actin polymerization. Results were expressed as relative F-actin content. Fifteen blood donors were studied as a control group. RESULTS: Filgrastim administration induced an increased relative F-actin content in resting neutrophils; however, no further actin polymerization was observed after fMLP stimulation. Neutrophils from subjects treated with Lenograstim showed a normal behaviour in terms of both spontaneous and stimulated actin polymerization. CONCLUSIONS: Glycosylated and nonglycosylated rhG-CSF differently affect actin polymerization in newly generated neutrophils. Such effects may explain some previous findings concerning both morphology and chemotactic properties and may be due to different effects of the two forms of rhG-CSF on proteins involved in neutrophil motility regulation.
|Autori interni:||AZZARA', ANTONIO|
|Autori:||ZUCCA A; BRIZZI S; RICCIONI R; AZZARA' A; GHIMENTI M; CARULLI G|
|Titolo:||Glycosylated and nonglycosylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor differently modifies actin polymerization in neutrophils|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|