Background: Melatoninergic agents are known to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of nanomicellar formulations of melatoninergic agents on IOP in the rat. Methods: Tonometry was used to measure IOP in eyes instilled with melatonin or agomelatine. Ocular hypertension was induced by the injection of methylcellulose in the anterior chamber. Results: Melatonin formulated in nanomicelles had a longer lasting hypotonizing effect on IOP with respect to melatonin in saline. Nanomicellar formulations of melatonin and agomelatine, either alone or in combination, had lowering effects that did not depend on their concentration or their combination, which, however, resulted in an increased duration of the hypotonizing effect. The duration of the lowering effect was further increased by the addition of lipoic acid. Conclusions: We demonstrated the effective hypotonizing activity of melatonin and agomelatine in combination with lipoic acid. Although results in animals cannot be directly translated to humans, the possibility of developing novel therapeutical approaches for patients suffering from hypertensive glaucoma should be considered.

Hypotensive Effect of Nanomicellar Formulation of Melatonin and Agomelatine in a Rat Model: Significance for Glaucoma Therapy

Dal Monte, Massimo
Primo
;
Cammalleri, Maurizio;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: Melatoninergic agents are known to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of nanomicellar formulations of melatoninergic agents on IOP in the rat. Methods: Tonometry was used to measure IOP in eyes instilled with melatonin or agomelatine. Ocular hypertension was induced by the injection of methylcellulose in the anterior chamber. Results: Melatonin formulated in nanomicelles had a longer lasting hypotonizing effect on IOP with respect to melatonin in saline. Nanomicellar formulations of melatonin and agomelatine, either alone or in combination, had lowering effects that did not depend on their concentration or their combination, which, however, resulted in an increased duration of the hypotonizing effect. The duration of the lowering effect was further increased by the addition of lipoic acid. Conclusions: We demonstrated the effective hypotonizing activity of melatonin and agomelatine in combination with lipoic acid. Although results in animals cannot be directly translated to humans, the possibility of developing novel therapeutical approaches for patients suffering from hypertensive glaucoma should be considered.
2020
Dal Monte, Massimo; Cammalleri, Maurizio; Pezzino, Salvatore; Corsaro, Roberta; Pescosolido, Nicola; Bagnoli, Paola; Rusciano, Dario
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1036300
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