Context. We revisit the evolutionary scenario for hot flasher low-mass structures, where mass loss delays the He flash till the initial phases of their white dwarf cooling sequence. Aims. Our aim has been to test the theoretical results vis-a-vis different assumptions about the efficiency of mass loss. Methods. To this purpose, we present evolutionary models covering a fine grid of masses, as obtained assuming a single episode of mass loss in a red giant model of 0.86 M-circle dot with Z = 0.0015. Results. We find reasonable agreement with previous evolutionary investigations, showing that for the given metallicity late hot flashers are predicted to cover the mass range M = 0.4975 to M = 0.4845 (+/- 0.0005) M-circle dot, all models igniting the He-flash with a mass of the H-rich envelope as given by M-e = 0.00050 +/- 0.00002 M-circle dot. The ignition mechanism is discussed in some detail, showing the occurrence of a bifurcation in the evolutionary history of stellar structures at the lower-mass limit for He ignition. Below such a critical mass, the structures miss the He ignition, cooling down as a hot flasher-manque He white dwarf. We predict that these structures will cool down, reaching the luminosity log L/L-circle dot = -1 in a time five times longer at the very least than the corresponding cooling time of a normal CO white dwarf. Conclusions. On very general grounds, one expects that old stellar clusters with a sizeable population of hot flashers should produce at least a similar amount of slow-cooling He white dwarfs. According to this result, in a cluster where 20% of red giants escape the He burning phase, one expects roughly twice as white dwarfs than in a normal cluster where all red giants undergo their He flash.
|Autori:||Castellani M.; Castellani V.; Prada Moroni P|
|Titolo:||Hot flashers and He dwarfs in galactic globulars|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1051/0004-6361:20064875|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|