We reviewed the files of 950 patients treated for Hodgkin's disease since 1966 and were able to find five patients treated with radiochemotherapy and irradiated twice on volumes including a cord segment, at various time intervals, and surviving until now. Seven patients with comparable clinical and therapeutic features, but not reirradiated on the cord, were chosen as a control group and were examined with the same diagnostic procedures. The cumulative cord dose in the reirradiated patients was recalculated and ranged from 50 to 70 Gy. All these patients and the control cases were followed up for more than 10 years and presented no or only minor neurological symptoms. We compare the results of both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electrophysiological studies (spinal and scalp recorded somatosensory evoked potentials - SEPs) in an attempt to define the characteristics of the subclinical damage present in these patients. While no cord abnormality was demonstrated with MRI, electrophysiological studies evidenced a clear difference between cases and controls, as far as the D10-P1 conduction time and SEPs average amplitude are concerned. Advantages and drawbacks of a wide use of electrophysiological methods in research work on cord radiation damage are presented, along with the possible implications of the results obtained for the understanding of the pathogenesis and the dose dependence of radiation myelitis (RM).

NEUROLOGICAL DAMAGE IN PATIENTS IRRADIATED TWICE ON THE SPINAL-CORD - A MORPHOLOGIC AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL STUDY

CARAMELLA, DAVIDE;
1990

Abstract

We reviewed the files of 950 patients treated for Hodgkin's disease since 1966 and were able to find five patients treated with radiochemotherapy and irradiated twice on volumes including a cord segment, at various time intervals, and surviving until now. Seven patients with comparable clinical and therapeutic features, but not reirradiated on the cord, were chosen as a control group and were examined with the same diagnostic procedures. The cumulative cord dose in the reirradiated patients was recalculated and ranged from 50 to 70 Gy. All these patients and the control cases were followed up for more than 10 years and presented no or only minor neurological symptoms. We compare the results of both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electrophysiological studies (spinal and scalp recorded somatosensory evoked potentials - SEPs) in an attempt to define the characteristics of the subclinical damage present in these patients. While no cord abnormality was demonstrated with MRI, electrophysiological studies evidenced a clear difference between cases and controls, as far as the D10-P1 conduction time and SEPs average amplitude are concerned. Advantages and drawbacks of a wide use of electrophysiological methods in research work on cord radiation damage are presented, along with the possible implications of the results obtained for the understanding of the pathogenesis and the dose dependence of radiation myelitis (RM).
Magrini, Sm; Biti, Gp; Descisciolo, G; Bartelli, M; Pinto, F; Caramella, Davide; Villari, N.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/10421
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact