During organogenesis, coherent organ growth arises from spatiotemporally coordinated decisions of individual cells. In the root of Arabidopsis thaliana, this coordination results in the establishment of a division and a differentiation zone. Cells continuously move through these zones; thus, a major question is how the boundary between these domains, the transition zone, is formed and maintained. By combining molecular genetics with computational modeling, we reveal how an auxin/PLETHORA/ARR-B network controls these dynamic patterning processes. We show that after germination, cell division causes a drop in distal PLT2 levels that enables transition zone formation and ARR12 activation. The resulting PLT2-ARR12 antagonism controls expansion of the division zone (the meristem). The successive ARR1 activation antagonizes PLT2 through inducing the cell-cycle repressor KRP2, thus setting final meristem size. Our work indicates a key role for the interplay between cell division dynamics and regulatory networks in root zonation and transition zone patterning.

A Self-Organized PLT/Auxin/ARR-B Network Controls the Dynamics of Root Zonation Development in Arabidopsis thaliana

Di Mambro, Riccardo
Secondo
;
2020

Abstract

During organogenesis, coherent organ growth arises from spatiotemporally coordinated decisions of individual cells. In the root of Arabidopsis thaliana, this coordination results in the establishment of a division and a differentiation zone. Cells continuously move through these zones; thus, a major question is how the boundary between these domains, the transition zone, is formed and maintained. By combining molecular genetics with computational modeling, we reveal how an auxin/PLETHORA/ARR-B network controls these dynamic patterning processes. We show that after germination, cell division causes a drop in distal PLT2 levels that enables transition zone formation and ARR12 activation. The resulting PLT2-ARR12 antagonism controls expansion of the division zone (the meristem). The successive ARR1 activation antagonizes PLT2 through inducing the cell-cycle repressor KRP2, thus setting final meristem size. Our work indicates a key role for the interplay between cell division dynamics and regulatory networks in root zonation and transition zone patterning.
Salvi, Elena; Rutten, Jacob Pieter; Di Mambro, Riccardo; Polverari, Laura; Licursi, Valerio; Negri, Rodolfo; Dello Ioio, Raffaele; Sabatini, Sabrina; Ten Tusscher, Kirsten
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1042516
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 29
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
social impact