The aim of this study is to further investigate the accuracy and the reliability of the actuator line model (ALM) predictions for turbulent separated wakes. Large eddy simulations (LES) of the flow around a NACA0009 airfoil are performed mimicking the geometry with the immersed boundary method. Results are validated against experiments and used to assess the accuracy of the ALM predictions for the same airfoil, with different values of the spreading parameter and of the reference velocity and for two values of the angle of attack. It is found that the ALM setup recently derived from linearized inviscid analysis leads to accurate results for the lower angle of attack, while at the higher one for which a significant separation of the boundary layer occurs, the ALM requires a different set of model parameters. This calls for a systematic investigation of the sensitivity to the ALM parameters for separated flows, which is carried out herein through a stochastic approach allowing continuous response surfaces to be obtained in the parameter space. The ALM parameters are calibrated against the results obtained with the immersed boundaries. With the calibrated model parameters, the ALM gives good predictions of the velocity and turbulent kinetic energy in the far wake. Finally, the proposed model parameters are used to predict the flow past a different geometry, a flat plate, at high angle of attack. The accuracy of the prediction of the far wake is again good, showing the robustness of the identified setup.

Appraisal and calibration of the actuator line model for the prediction of turbulent separated wakes

Rocchio B.
Primo
;
Salvetti M. V.;
2020

Abstract

The aim of this study is to further investigate the accuracy and the reliability of the actuator line model (ALM) predictions for turbulent separated wakes. Large eddy simulations (LES) of the flow around a NACA0009 airfoil are performed mimicking the geometry with the immersed boundary method. Results are validated against experiments and used to assess the accuracy of the ALM predictions for the same airfoil, with different values of the spreading parameter and of the reference velocity and for two values of the angle of attack. It is found that the ALM setup recently derived from linearized inviscid analysis leads to accurate results for the lower angle of attack, while at the higher one for which a significant separation of the boundary layer occurs, the ALM requires a different set of model parameters. This calls for a systematic investigation of the sensitivity to the ALM parameters for separated flows, which is carried out herein through a stochastic approach allowing continuous response surfaces to be obtained in the parameter space. The ALM parameters are calibrated against the results obtained with the immersed boundaries. With the calibrated model parameters, the ALM gives good predictions of the velocity and turbulent kinetic energy in the far wake. Finally, the proposed model parameters are used to predict the flow past a different geometry, a flat plate, at high angle of attack. The accuracy of the prediction of the far wake is again good, showing the robustness of the identified setup.
Rocchio, B.; Ciri, U.; Salvetti, M. V.; Leonardi, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1044069
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