A 12-year-old male harbor seal presented with progressive signs of neurologic dysfunction including head tremors, muzzle twitching, clonic spasms, and weakness. Lesions included polioencephalomyclitis with glial nodules, spheroids, neuronopbagia, ring hemorrhages, and a few neutrophils. Neurons, fibers, and glial nodules were multifocally colonized with intracytoplasmic West Nile flavivirus antigens that were demonstrated using indirect immunohistochemical analysis. Flavivirus on cultured cells also was isolated and was identified by use of monoclonal antibodies and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis. Clinical signs of disease and lesion morphology and distribution were similar to those of equine West Nile virus infection. Similar to horses, alpacas, humans, dogs, and reptiles, seals can be dead-end hosts of West Nile virus.
|Autori:||DEL PIERO, F; Stremme, Dw; Habecker, Pl; Cantile, Carlo|
|Titolo:||West Nile flavivirus polioencephalomyelitis in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|