Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are beneficial obligate symbionts of plant roots. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) participate in plant communication and defence. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Funneliformis mosseae IMA1 on VOCs in Vitis vinifera cv. Sangiovese leaf tissue. Grapevine plants inoculated with F. mosseae IMA1 were incubated for 23 weeks. VOCs were extracted from leaves and identified using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS–SPME) coupled to GC-MS. VOCs in leaf tissue were strongly enhanced (85%) by F. mosseae IMA1. The mycorrhizal fungus IMA1 modified the levels of specific VOCs synthesised in different anabolic pathways. An increase in volatiles that have been related to plant defences under pathogen/herbivore attack or linked to water stress, such as (E)–2–hexenal, 3–hexenal, geraniol, benzaldehyde and methyl salicylate, was observed in mycorrhizal plants. In contrast, some C13–norisoprenoids decreased strongly in mycorrhizal plants. The study of the effects of AMF on VOCs in grapevine plants may provide useful information to establish sustainable viticultural practices.

The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Funneliformis mosseae induces changes and increases the concentration of volatile organic compounds in Vitis vinifera cv. Sangiovese leaf tissue

Fiaschi G.;Avio L.;Giovannetti M.;D'Onofrio C.
Penultimo
;
2020

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are beneficial obligate symbionts of plant roots. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) participate in plant communication and defence. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Funneliformis mosseae IMA1 on VOCs in Vitis vinifera cv. Sangiovese leaf tissue. Grapevine plants inoculated with F. mosseae IMA1 were incubated for 23 weeks. VOCs were extracted from leaves and identified using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS–SPME) coupled to GC-MS. VOCs in leaf tissue were strongly enhanced (85%) by F. mosseae IMA1. The mycorrhizal fungus IMA1 modified the levels of specific VOCs synthesised in different anabolic pathways. An increase in volatiles that have been related to plant defences under pathogen/herbivore attack or linked to water stress, such as (E)–2–hexenal, 3–hexenal, geraniol, benzaldehyde and methyl salicylate, was observed in mycorrhizal plants. In contrast, some C13–norisoprenoids decreased strongly in mycorrhizal plants. The study of the effects of AMF on VOCs in grapevine plants may provide useful information to establish sustainable viticultural practices.
Velásquez, A.; Valenzuela, M.; Carvajal, M.; Fiaschi, G.; Avio, L.; Giovannetti, M.; D'Onofrio, C.; Seeger, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1049096
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