People in prison represent a high-risk population for HCV infection control. With the advent of new direct antiviral agents (DAAs) HCV micro-elimination in prison setting became a feasible strategy. We assessed the impact of an intervention for HCV testing and treatment in 2017 and 2018 in a jail (San Vittore,SV) and a prison for sentenced individuals (Opera,OP). A dedicated protocol was applied and implemented over the two years. We collected data on demographics, HCV testing and treatment on all inmates present on October 31st 2017 and 2018. In the two facilities there were 2,366 and 2,369 inmates in 2017 and 2018 respectively; the majority were men (95.6%; 96.4%) and Italians (57.0%; 61.9%) with a median age of 41 years. Prevalence of lifetime reported drug use remained high (46.5%; 44.2%). HCV screening coverage was 89% in both years, while HCV-RNA test coverage increased (90.6%; 99.0%). HCV sero-prevalence remained stable (10.1%; 9.2%). In 2017 among inmates with HCV chronic infection 90 (42.4%) individuals had started DAAs treatment and 106 (54.6%) in 2018; of whom 38 (17.9%) and 74 (38.1%) achieved the SVR. The viremic pool decreased significantly over time (SV,24.4%; 15.4%;OP, 16.1%;<1%). Among inmates with HCV-positive serology in 2018, 121 (81.0%) were never linked to care before incarceration. Our study showed how a targeted and well-implemented HCV test-and-treat intervention in prison was feasible and effective in achieving micro-elimination. Viral hepatitis elimination agenda may help drawing interest onto this neglected population and bringing prison health higher up in the global public health agenda.

HCV micro-elimination in two prisons in Milan, Italy: a model of care

Casigliani, Virginia;Fornili, Marco;Arzilli, Guglielmo;Scardina, Giuditta;Baglietto, Laura;Tavoschi, Lara
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

People in prison represent a high-risk population for HCV infection control. With the advent of new direct antiviral agents (DAAs) HCV micro-elimination in prison setting became a feasible strategy. We assessed the impact of an intervention for HCV testing and treatment in 2017 and 2018 in a jail (San Vittore,SV) and a prison for sentenced individuals (Opera,OP). A dedicated protocol was applied and implemented over the two years. We collected data on demographics, HCV testing and treatment on all inmates present on October 31st 2017 and 2018. In the two facilities there were 2,366 and 2,369 inmates in 2017 and 2018 respectively; the majority were men (95.6%; 96.4%) and Italians (57.0%; 61.9%) with a median age of 41 years. Prevalence of lifetime reported drug use remained high (46.5%; 44.2%). HCV screening coverage was 89% in both years, while HCV-RNA test coverage increased (90.6%; 99.0%). HCV sero-prevalence remained stable (10.1%; 9.2%). In 2017 among inmates with HCV chronic infection 90 (42.4%) individuals had started DAAs treatment and 106 (54.6%) in 2018; of whom 38 (17.9%) and 74 (38.1%) achieved the SVR. The viremic pool decreased significantly over time (SV,24.4%; 15.4%;OP, 16.1%;<1%). Among inmates with HCV-positive serology in 2018, 121 (81.0%) were never linked to care before incarceration. Our study showed how a targeted and well-implemented HCV test-and-treat intervention in prison was feasible and effective in achieving micro-elimination. Viral hepatitis elimination agenda may help drawing interest onto this neglected population and bringing prison health higher up in the global public health agenda.
2020
Giuliani, Ruggero; Casigliani, Virginia; Fornili, Marco; Sebastiani, Teresa; Freo, Elisabetta; Arzilli, Guglielmo; Scardina, Giuditta; Baglietto, Laur...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1051207
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