Aims: To evaluate the association between the C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin (ALB) ratio and survival in dogs with acute pancreatitis and its use as a prognostic marker for survival. Methods: Medical records of a veterinary referral hospital in Italy were retrospectively searched for dogs that were admitted with acute pancreatitis between January 2015 and April 2019, in which the concentrations of CRP and ALB in serum were measured at admission. The CRP/ALB ratio was calculated and the time between admission and discharge or death was recorded. Mortality rates overall and for dogs that died within 2 days of admission were calculated. A univariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to assess the relationship between survival time and CRP/ALB ratio. Results: Seventy-one dogs were included in the study. Of these, 19 died within 2 days of presentation; an early mortality rate of 26.8%, while 27 died before discharge for an overall mortality rated of 38%. Dogs with higher CRP/ALB ratio had a significantly greater mortality rate than dogs with lower CRP/ALB ratio: for every 1-unit increase in CRP/ALB ratio, the hazard of death over the study period increased by 130% (hazard ratio = 2.34; 95% CI = 1.53–3.58; p < 0.001). The optimal CRP/ALB ratio cut-off point for predicting mortality was 0.56, with a sensitivity and specificity of 88.9% and 68.2%, respectively (AUC = 0.82; p < 0.001). Conclusions: As in humans, the CRP/ALB ratio, may be a promising, though not particularly specific, prognostic marker for increased risk of death in dogs with acute pancreatitis. Abbreviations: ALB: Albumin; CRP: C-reactive protein; HR: Hazard ratio; ROC: Receiver operating characteristic.

Evaluation of C-reactive protein/albumin ratio and its relationship with survival in dogs with acute pancreatitis

Gori E.
Primo
;
Lippi I.;Marchetti V.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the association between the C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin (ALB) ratio and survival in dogs with acute pancreatitis and its use as a prognostic marker for survival. Methods: Medical records of a veterinary referral hospital in Italy were retrospectively searched for dogs that were admitted with acute pancreatitis between January 2015 and April 2019, in which the concentrations of CRP and ALB in serum were measured at admission. The CRP/ALB ratio was calculated and the time between admission and discharge or death was recorded. Mortality rates overall and for dogs that died within 2 days of admission were calculated. A univariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to assess the relationship between survival time and CRP/ALB ratio. Results: Seventy-one dogs were included in the study. Of these, 19 died within 2 days of presentation; an early mortality rate of 26.8%, while 27 died before discharge for an overall mortality rated of 38%. Dogs with higher CRP/ALB ratio had a significantly greater mortality rate than dogs with lower CRP/ALB ratio: for every 1-unit increase in CRP/ALB ratio, the hazard of death over the study period increased by 130% (hazard ratio = 2.34; 95% CI = 1.53–3.58; p < 0.001). The optimal CRP/ALB ratio cut-off point for predicting mortality was 0.56, with a sensitivity and specificity of 88.9% and 68.2%, respectively (AUC = 0.82; p < 0.001). Conclusions: As in humans, the CRP/ALB ratio, may be a promising, though not particularly specific, prognostic marker for increased risk of death in dogs with acute pancreatitis. Abbreviations: ALB: Albumin; CRP: C-reactive protein; HR: Hazard ratio; ROC: Receiver operating characteristic.
Gori, E.; Pierini, A.; Lippi, I.; Ceccherini, G.; Perondi, F.; Marchetti, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1052402
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