OBJECTIVE: A systematic analytical approach to design Spiral Resonators (SRs), acting as distributed magnetic traps (DMTs), for the decoupling of concentric Double-Tuned (DT) RF coils suitable for Ultra-High Field (7 T) MRI is presented. METHODS: The design is based on small planar SRs placed in between the two RF loops (used for signal detection of the two nuclei of interest). We developed a general framework based on a fully analytical approach to estimate the mutual coupling between the RF coils and to provide design guidelines for the geometry and number of SRs to be employed. Starting from the full-analytical estimations of the SRs geometry, electromagnetic simulations for improving and validating the performance can be carried out. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We applied the method to a test case of a DT RF coil consisting of two concentric and coplanar loops used for 7 T MRI, tuned at the Larmor frequencies of the proton (1H, 298 MHz) and sodium (23Na, 79 MHz) nuclei, respectively. We performed numerical simulations and experimental measurements on fabricated prototypes, which both demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed design procedure. SIGNIFICANCE: The decoupling is achieved by printing the SRs on the same dielectric substrate of the RF coils thus allowing a drastic simplification of the fabrication procedure. It is worth noting that there are no physical connections between the decoupling SRs and the 1H/23Na RF coils, thus providing a mechanically robust experimental set-up, and improving the transceiver design with respect to other traditional decoupling techniques.

Design of Distributed Spiral Resonators for the Decoupling of MRI Double-Tuned RF Coils

Brizi D.;Fontana N.;Costa F.;Monorchio A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: A systematic analytical approach to design Spiral Resonators (SRs), acting as distributed magnetic traps (DMTs), for the decoupling of concentric Double-Tuned (DT) RF coils suitable for Ultra-High Field (7 T) MRI is presented. METHODS: The design is based on small planar SRs placed in between the two RF loops (used for signal detection of the two nuclei of interest). We developed a general framework based on a fully analytical approach to estimate the mutual coupling between the RF coils and to provide design guidelines for the geometry and number of SRs to be employed. Starting from the full-analytical estimations of the SRs geometry, electromagnetic simulations for improving and validating the performance can be carried out. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We applied the method to a test case of a DT RF coil consisting of two concentric and coplanar loops used for 7 T MRI, tuned at the Larmor frequencies of the proton (1H, 298 MHz) and sodium (23Na, 79 MHz) nuclei, respectively. We performed numerical simulations and experimental measurements on fabricated prototypes, which both demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed design procedure. SIGNIFICANCE: The decoupling is achieved by printing the SRs on the same dielectric substrate of the RF coils thus allowing a drastic simplification of the fabrication procedure. It is worth noting that there are no physical connections between the decoupling SRs and the 1H/23Na RF coils, thus providing a mechanically robust experimental set-up, and improving the transceiver design with respect to other traditional decoupling techniques.
2020
Brizi, D.; Fontana, N.; Costa, F.; Tiberi, G.; Galante, A.; Alecci, M.; Monorchio, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1053153
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