OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate image quality and reader confidence in MR cholangiography of bile ducts using conventional T2-weighted MR cholangiography alone in comparison with T2-weighted MR cholangiography and gadoxetate disodium- enhanced MR cholangiography in a series of patients with biliary-enteric anastomosis (BEA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty patients with BEA and clinically and sonographically suspected complications underwent 1.5-T MRI. After acquisition of T1- and T2-weighted images, conventional MR cholangiography was performed using 3D fast relaxation fast spinecho (FRFSE) and single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE) T2-weighted sequences (image set 1). In each patient, a 3D fat-suppressed Liver Acquisition with Volume Acceleration (LAVA) sequence was performed before and 15, 20, 25, 30, and 40 minutes after IV administration of 0.1 mL/kg of gadoxetate disodium (Primovist) (image set 2). Two radiologists in consensus evaluated image quality in the anatomic segments of the biliary tract and recorded diagnostic confidence scores for image set 1 alone and image sets 1 and 2 together. MRI findings were compared with postsurgical specimen if surgery was performed, conventional cholangiography, or 12 months of imaging follow-up. RESULTS. A significant improvement in image quality for visualization of all biliary segments was found using gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR cholangiography in comparison with T2-weighted MR cholangiography alone. Readers judged diagnostic confidence of image set 1 alone and image sets 1 and 2 together as very confident in three and 37 cases, confident in 30 and 11, not confident in 14 and one, and not confident at all in three and 1, respectively. Concordance between image set 1 alone and image sets 1 and 2 together and the reference standard results was present in 23 of 50 cases (46%) and 47 of 50 cases (94%), respectively (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION. Gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR cholangiography can improve image quality for visualization of the biliary tract and further enhanced the diagnostic performance of conventional T2-weighted MR cholangiography in the evaluation of patients with BEA.

Gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR cholangiography for evaluation of biliary-enteric anastomoses: Added value beyond conventional T2-Weighted images

Boraschi P.;Pacciardi F.;Cervelli R.;Porcu L.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate image quality and reader confidence in MR cholangiography of bile ducts using conventional T2-weighted MR cholangiography alone in comparison with T2-weighted MR cholangiography and gadoxetate disodium- enhanced MR cholangiography in a series of patients with biliary-enteric anastomosis (BEA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty patients with BEA and clinically and sonographically suspected complications underwent 1.5-T MRI. After acquisition of T1- and T2-weighted images, conventional MR cholangiography was performed using 3D fast relaxation fast spinecho (FRFSE) and single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE) T2-weighted sequences (image set 1). In each patient, a 3D fat-suppressed Liver Acquisition with Volume Acceleration (LAVA) sequence was performed before and 15, 20, 25, 30, and 40 minutes after IV administration of 0.1 mL/kg of gadoxetate disodium (Primovist) (image set 2). Two radiologists in consensus evaluated image quality in the anatomic segments of the biliary tract and recorded diagnostic confidence scores for image set 1 alone and image sets 1 and 2 together. MRI findings were compared with postsurgical specimen if surgery was performed, conventional cholangiography, or 12 months of imaging follow-up. RESULTS. A significant improvement in image quality for visualization of all biliary segments was found using gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR cholangiography in comparison with T2-weighted MR cholangiography alone. Readers judged diagnostic confidence of image set 1 alone and image sets 1 and 2 together as very confident in three and 37 cases, confident in 30 and 11, not confident in 14 and one, and not confident at all in three and 1, respectively. Concordance between image set 1 alone and image sets 1 and 2 together and the reference standard results was present in 23 of 50 cases (46%) and 47 of 50 cases (94%), respectively (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION. Gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR cholangiography can improve image quality for visualization of the biliary tract and further enhanced the diagnostic performance of conventional T2-weighted MR cholangiography in the evaluation of patients with BEA.
2019
Boraschi, P.; Donati, F.; Pacciardi, F.; Cervelli, R.; Gigoni, R.; Porcu, L.; Torri, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1055784
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