Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of a MR imaging procotol in assessing the evolution of individuals with branch duct - intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMN) without worrisome features (WF) and/or high risk stigmata (HRS) at the time of the diagnosis in a follow-up period of at least 10 years. Material and methods: A retrospective revision of a prospectively collected radiological database including a total number of 600 patients who were investigated and diagnosed with “presumed” diagnosis of BD-IPMN at MRI/MRCP at our Department since 2008 was performed. Inclusion criteria were: 1) absence of worrisome features and/or high-risk stigmata at the time of diagnosis (baseline); 2) a radiological follow-up with abdominal MRI/MRCP of at least 10 years. Changes in cysts size, development of WF, HRS and pancreatic cancer, and any other modification during the follow-up were retrospectively analysed by two observers in consensus. Results: Sixty-nine patients fulfilled all the inclusion criteria. During surveillance, the cysts remained dimensionally unchanged or slightly reduced in size in 26.2% and 4.3% of cases respectively, whereas cyst enlargement was demonstrated in 69.5% of cases. Median annual growth rate was of 0.97 ± 0.87 mm/yr (range 0.13-5.0). WF and HRS developed in 10/69 (14.5%) and 3/69 (4.3%) cases, respectively. The incidence of pancreatic cancer in patients with BD-IPMN was 2.9%. Conclusion: Our data confirm the low risk of pancreatic cancer development in patients with BD-IPMN, thus justifying an imaging follow-up. Worrisome features and high-risk stigmata were promptly identified during the follow-up, supporting the utility of our surveillance MR imaging protocol.

Side-branch intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas: outcome of MR imaging surveillance over a 10 years follow-up

Boraschi P.;Tarantini G.;Scalise P.;Cervelli R.;Caramella D.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of a MR imaging procotol in assessing the evolution of individuals with branch duct - intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMN) without worrisome features (WF) and/or high risk stigmata (HRS) at the time of the diagnosis in a follow-up period of at least 10 years. Material and methods: A retrospective revision of a prospectively collected radiological database including a total number of 600 patients who were investigated and diagnosed with “presumed” diagnosis of BD-IPMN at MRI/MRCP at our Department since 2008 was performed. Inclusion criteria were: 1) absence of worrisome features and/or high-risk stigmata at the time of diagnosis (baseline); 2) a radiological follow-up with abdominal MRI/MRCP of at least 10 years. Changes in cysts size, development of WF, HRS and pancreatic cancer, and any other modification during the follow-up were retrospectively analysed by two observers in consensus. Results: Sixty-nine patients fulfilled all the inclusion criteria. During surveillance, the cysts remained dimensionally unchanged or slightly reduced in size in 26.2% and 4.3% of cases respectively, whereas cyst enlargement was demonstrated in 69.5% of cases. Median annual growth rate was of 0.97 ± 0.87 mm/yr (range 0.13-5.0). WF and HRS developed in 10/69 (14.5%) and 3/69 (4.3%) cases, respectively. The incidence of pancreatic cancer in patients with BD-IPMN was 2.9%. Conclusion: Our data confirm the low risk of pancreatic cancer development in patients with BD-IPMN, thus justifying an imaging follow-up. Worrisome features and high-risk stigmata were promptly identified during the follow-up, supporting the utility of our surveillance MR imaging protocol.
2020
Boraschi, P.; Tarantini, G.; Donati, F.; Scalise, P.; Cervelli, R.; Caramella, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1055786
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