Bevacizumab (Avastin®), an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, is one of the most effective drugs widely used to inhibit ocular angiogenesis. Nanoliposomes were recruited to improve the accessibility of bevacizumab (BVZ) during treatment. To optimize drug entrapment efficiency (DEE %), the effect of some independent variables was evaluated utilizing response surface methodology. The optimized formulation containing BVZ (NLP-BVZ) was characterized, and its safety was assessed. Employing arising retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE) cells, the permeability of the nanoliposome was analyzed. Structural stability and integrity of NLP-BVZ were also estimated with different methods. Optimal condition for the maximum DEE (39.9%) was obtained with cholesterol/DPPC (1,2-Dipalimitoyl-Sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) (%w/w) 13.64, BVZ/DPPC (%w/w) 83.78 and 9 freeze–thaw cycles. Neutral fabricated NLP-BVZ with an average size of 141.5 ± 45.8 nm showed a smooth spherical structure and released the drug in a slow and sustained fashion. The formulation exhibited no obvious effect against human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and ARPEs. Additionally, the pattern of the circular dichroism (CD) and intrinsic fluorescence spectra confirmed the structural integrity of protein remained conserved after encapsulation. Taken together, the analysis indicated that the process of entrapment into nanoliposome meaningfully made the drug safer, more stable, and, therefore, appropriate for treating ocular disorder

Formulation of nanoliposome-encapsulated bevacizumab (Avastin): Statistical optimization for enhanced drug encapsulation and properties evaluation

Monti D.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Bevacizumab (Avastin®), an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, is one of the most effective drugs widely used to inhibit ocular angiogenesis. Nanoliposomes were recruited to improve the accessibility of bevacizumab (BVZ) during treatment. To optimize drug entrapment efficiency (DEE %), the effect of some independent variables was evaluated utilizing response surface methodology. The optimized formulation containing BVZ (NLP-BVZ) was characterized, and its safety was assessed. Employing arising retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE) cells, the permeability of the nanoliposome was analyzed. Structural stability and integrity of NLP-BVZ were also estimated with different methods. Optimal condition for the maximum DEE (39.9%) was obtained with cholesterol/DPPC (1,2-Dipalimitoyl-Sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) (%w/w) 13.64, BVZ/DPPC (%w/w) 83.78 and 9 freeze–thaw cycles. Neutral fabricated NLP-BVZ with an average size of 141.5 ± 45.8 nm showed a smooth spherical structure and released the drug in a slow and sustained fashion. The formulation exhibited no obvious effect against human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and ARPEs. Additionally, the pattern of the circular dichroism (CD) and intrinsic fluorescence spectra confirmed the structural integrity of protein remained conserved after encapsulation. Taken together, the analysis indicated that the process of entrapment into nanoliposome meaningfully made the drug safer, more stable, and, therefore, appropriate for treating ocular disorder
2020
Malakouti-Nejad, M.; Bardania, H.; Aliakbari, F.; Baradaran-Rafii, A.; Elahi, E.; Monti, D.; Morshedi, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1059821
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