The ability of some 2-alkyl(aryl)-4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazine derivatives to interfere with production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by human phagocytes was evaluated in an in-vitro cell model. Superoxide anion (O-2(-)) production by human polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs), challenged by the chemotactic agent N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP), was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by all the compounds tested, compounds 3, 4 and 5 being statistically the most active. Adhesion of PMNs to vascular endothelial cells (ECs) is a critical step in recruitment and infiltration of leucocytes into tissues during inflammation, and the effects of 1,3,5-triazine derivatives on PMN adhesion to ECs from the human umbilical vein (HUVEC) were also investigated. Triazines were incubated with PMNs and HUVEC; adhesion was quantitated by computerized micro-imaging fluorescence analysis. The 1,3,5-triazines tested inhibited the adhesion evoked by pro-inflammatory stimuli, such as platelet activating factor (PAF), FMLP, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), tumour necrosis factor-a (TMF-alpha) and interieukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) in a dose-response manner over the concentration range 10(-9) to 10(-4) m, compounds 5 and 6 being the most active. Both of these compounds inhibited PMN adhesion to HUVEC, even when endothelial or PMN stimuli were used. Indeed, when both cell populations were activated contemporarily, the anti-adhesive effect was enhanced. The study suggests that 2-aryl-4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazines deserve further evaluation as anti-inflammatory agents.
|Autori:||C.DIANZANI; M.COLLINO; M.GALLICCHIO; S.SAMARITANI; G.SIGNORE; MENICAGLI R; R.FANTOZZI|
|Titolo:||Evaluation of in-vitro anti-inflammatory activity of some 2-alkyl-4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazines|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1211/jpp.58.2.0009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|