The Working Group on the Analysis and Management of Accidents (WGAMA) was created on December 31st, 1999 to assess and strengthen the technical basis needed for the prevention, mitigation and management of potential accidents in NPP and to facilitate international convergence on safety issues and accident management analyses and strategies. WGAMA addresses reactor coolant system thermal-hydraulics, in-vessel behaviour of degraded cores and in-vessel protection, containment behaviour and containment protection, and fission product (FP) release, transport, deposition and retention, for both current and advanced reactors. As a result, WGAMA contributions in thermal-hydraulics, computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) and severe accidents along the first two decades of the 21st century have been outstanding and are summarized in this paper. Beyond any doubt, the Fukushima-Daiichi accident heavily impacted WGAMA activities and the substantial outcomes produced in the accident aftermath are neatly identified in the paper. Beyond specific events, most importantly, around 50 technical reports have become reference material in the different fields covered by the group and they are gathered altogether in the reference section of the paper; a common outstanding feature in most of these reports is the recommendations included for further research, some of which have eventually given rise to some of the projects conducted or underway within the OECD framework. Far from declining, ongoing WGAMA activities are numerous and a number of them is already planned to be launched in the near future; a short mention to them is also included in this paper.
|Autori:||Herranz, L. E.; Jacquemain, D.; Nitheanandan, T.; Sandberg, N.; Barré, F.; Bechta, S.; Choi, K-Y.; D’Auria, Francesco; Lee, R.; Nakamura, H.|
|Titolo:||The working group on the analysis and management of accidents (WGAMA): A historical review of major contributions|
|Anno del prodotto:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.pnucene.2020.103432|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|