Studies have consistently reported an increased prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity (PC) in individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typically developing controls, with high rates of anxiety disorders in autism spectrum disorders and challenging behaviors in children and adolescent with intellectual disability. Psychiatric assessment in this population should include multiple sources of information, derived from multiple contexts and using multiple methods, with accurate detection of contributing and trigger factors. It is important to focus on detecting change from the child's baseline functioning and to use, when possible, ad hoc instruments for assessing PC in the NDD population. Modifications in the setting and assessment procedures should be scheduled based on the child's age, developmental level, and sensory sensitivities. Simultaneously, validated screening instruments, which dimensionally assess the symptomatology of several NDDs and psychiatric disorders, are warranted to not only assist in the identification of PCs in NDDs but also discriminate among different NDDs. Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5 have had an impact on the diagnosis of several disorders in children and adolescents and, subsequently, on the current diagnostic tools, requiring appropriate and prompt modifications of the available instruments.

Psychiatric assessment

Muratori F.;Calderoni S.
2020

Abstract

Studies have consistently reported an increased prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity (PC) in individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typically developing controls, with high rates of anxiety disorders in autism spectrum disorders and challenging behaviors in children and adolescent with intellectual disability. Psychiatric assessment in this population should include multiple sources of information, derived from multiple contexts and using multiple methods, with accurate detection of contributing and trigger factors. It is important to focus on detecting change from the child's baseline functioning and to use, when possible, ad hoc instruments for assessing PC in the NDD population. Modifications in the setting and assessment procedures should be scheduled based on the child's age, developmental level, and sensory sensitivities. Simultaneously, validated screening instruments, which dimensionally assess the symptomatology of several NDDs and psychiatric disorders, are warranted to not only assist in the identification of PCs in NDDs but also discriminate among different NDDs. Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5 have had an impact on the diagnosis of several disorders in children and adolescents and, subsequently, on the current diagnostic tools, requiring appropriate and prompt modifications of the available instruments.
Muratori, F.; Santocchi, E.; Calderoni, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1064885
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