Frequent attenders (FAs), defined as patients repeatedly attending general practitioners, frequently exhibit underdiagnosed psychiatric comorbidities, leading to the hypothesis that frequent attendance may be related to an undetected psychiatric burden. This study explores the role of psychiatric comorbidities and psychopharmacological treatment on the clinical outcomes of a cohort of FAs of the general medical practice in Italy. The study included 75 FAs assessed by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5, Clinical Global Impression, Global Assessment Functioning, and Illness Behavior Inventory, administered at baseline (T0) and after 3 months (T1). Data were analyzed on the bases of the presence of any mental disorder and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment, with respect to other psychopharmacological treatments. Results showed better outcomes among patients with a mental disorder, particularly anxiety, depression, and somatic symptoms disorders, and when under SSRI treatment. Our findings corroborate the role of psychiatric comorbidity on frequent attendance in the context of general clinical practice with a positive outcome when receiving appropriate treatment with SSRI.

A 3-Month Naturalistic Follow-Up Treatment With Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors in Frequent Attenders of General Medical Practice: What Correlates With a Good Response?

Carmassi, Claudia;Cappelli, Andrea;DellʼOste, Valerio;Amatori, Giulia;Bertelloni, Carlo Antonio;Massimetti, Gabriele;DellʼOsso, Liliana
2020-01-01

Abstract

Frequent attenders (FAs), defined as patients repeatedly attending general practitioners, frequently exhibit underdiagnosed psychiatric comorbidities, leading to the hypothesis that frequent attendance may be related to an undetected psychiatric burden. This study explores the role of psychiatric comorbidities and psychopharmacological treatment on the clinical outcomes of a cohort of FAs of the general medical practice in Italy. The study included 75 FAs assessed by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5, Clinical Global Impression, Global Assessment Functioning, and Illness Behavior Inventory, administered at baseline (T0) and after 3 months (T1). Data were analyzed on the bases of the presence of any mental disorder and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment, with respect to other psychopharmacological treatments. Results showed better outcomes among patients with a mental disorder, particularly anxiety, depression, and somatic symptoms disorders, and when under SSRI treatment. Our findings corroborate the role of psychiatric comorbidity on frequent attendance in the context of general clinical practice with a positive outcome when receiving appropriate treatment with SSRI.
Carmassi, Claudia; Cappelli, Andrea; Dellʼoste, Valerio; Amatori, Giulia; Bertelloni, Carlo Antonio; Massimetti, Gabriele; Nisita, Cristiana; Dellʼosso, Liliana
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1065783
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