A severe drought in parts of low-latitude northeastern Africa and southwestern Asia ca 4200 yr ago caused major disruption to ancient civilizations. Stable isotope, trace element, and organic fluorescence data from a calcite flowstone collected from the wellwatered Alpi Apuane karst of central-western Italy indicate that the climatic event responsible for this drought was also recorded in mid-latitude Europe. Although the timing of this event coincides with an episode of increased ice-rafted debris to the subpolar North Atlantic, the regional ocean-atmosphere response seems atypical of similar Holocene icerafting events. Furthermore, comparison of the flowstone data with other regional proxies suggests that the most extreme part of the dry spell occurred toward the end of a longerterm climate anomaly.
|Autori:||DRYSDALE R.; ZANCHETTA G; HELLSTROM J.C.; MAAS R.; FALLICK A.E.; PICKETT M.; CARTWRIGHT I.; PICCINI L.|
|Titolo:||Late Holocene drought responsible for the collapse of Old World civilization is recorded in an Italian cave flowstone|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1130/G22103.1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|