The low degree of infection of Hedysarum coronarium L. (sulla) exposed to inoculum of the VAM endophyte Glomus caledonium was investigated. Infection began after a prolonged lag phase and remained at very low levels even after three months' growth. Neither very high rates of inoculum, nor very low P content of the soil raised the low infection level of the sulla plants. There appeared to be some differences in rate of infection among ten different ecotypes of sulla but the level of infection remained low in all cases. In all tested populations some plants remained uninfected. The low infection rate of sulla may therefore have a genetic basis. It was shown that the growth of H. coronarium is hardly improved by phosphate fertilization. This may explain the poor response of this plant species, adapted to grow in nutrient-deficient soil, to VAM. Programmes aimed at increasing the productivity in marginal soils through the introduction of efficient VAM endophytes should take into account the fact that certain plant species growing in marginal soils may not always benefit from mycorrhizal inoculation, due to their inherently low mycorrhizal dependency.

Infection by the VA-mycorrhizal fungus Glomus caledonium in Hedysarum coronarium as influenced by host plant and P content of soil.

GIOVANNETTI, MANUELA
1987

Abstract

The low degree of infection of Hedysarum coronarium L. (sulla) exposed to inoculum of the VAM endophyte Glomus caledonium was investigated. Infection began after a prolonged lag phase and remained at very low levels even after three months' growth. Neither very high rates of inoculum, nor very low P content of the soil raised the low infection level of the sulla plants. There appeared to be some differences in rate of infection among ten different ecotypes of sulla but the level of infection remained low in all cases. In all tested populations some plants remained uninfected. The low infection rate of sulla may therefore have a genetic basis. It was shown that the growth of H. coronarium is hardly improved by phosphate fertilization. This may explain the poor response of this plant species, adapted to grow in nutrient-deficient soil, to VAM. Programmes aimed at increasing the productivity in marginal soils through the introduction of efficient VAM endophytes should take into account the fact that certain plant species growing in marginal soils may not always benefit from mycorrhizal inoculation, due to their inherently low mycorrhizal dependency.
Lioi, Lucia; Giovannetti, Manuela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/10693
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