Purpose: 46, XY disorders (or differences) of sex development (DSD) are a group of clinical conditions with variable genetic background; correct diagnosis is often difficult, but it permits to optimize the management. The aim of this study is to identify clinical and genetics features of a group of women with 46, XY DSD to define some issues characterizing people with 46, XY DSD in Italy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of girls and women with 46, XY DSD and female phenotype evaluated between year 2000 and 2016, performed by anonymised database, focusing on the clinical features and management, including presentation, first diagnostic suspect, gonadal surgery and molecular diagnostic delay. Results: A total of 84 records were collected (mean age at clinical presentation: 9.1 ± 7.9 years; mean age at definitive diagnosis: 20.1 ± 15.0 years). Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome was the most common diagnosis (60%). Only 12 patients (14.3%) did not receive a molecular diagnosis. Early misdiagnoses frequently occurred; diagnostic delay was 10.2 ± 11.2 years, being reduced in patients presenting from 2007 to 2016. The discordance between genotypic and phenotypic sex during pregnancy or at birth determined early reason for referral in a considerable percentage (4.9%). Conclusion: Misdiagnosis and long diagnostic delays are present in females with 46, XY DSD in Italy, but the new genetic techniques permit faster right diagnoses in the last years. The centralization in dedicated third level units permits to reduce the number of patients without a molecular diagnosis, allowing better clinical management and appropriate genetic counselling.

Disorders of sexual development with XY karyotype and female phenotype: clinical findings and genetic background in a cohort from a single centre

Costagliola G;Masini B;Tyutyusheva N;Peroni D;Bertelloni S.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: 46, XY disorders (or differences) of sex development (DSD) are a group of clinical conditions with variable genetic background; correct diagnosis is often difficult, but it permits to optimize the management. The aim of this study is to identify clinical and genetics features of a group of women with 46, XY DSD to define some issues characterizing people with 46, XY DSD in Italy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of girls and women with 46, XY DSD and female phenotype evaluated between year 2000 and 2016, performed by anonymised database, focusing on the clinical features and management, including presentation, first diagnostic suspect, gonadal surgery and molecular diagnostic delay. Results: A total of 84 records were collected (mean age at clinical presentation: 9.1 ± 7.9 years; mean age at definitive diagnosis: 20.1 ± 15.0 years). Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome was the most common diagnosis (60%). Only 12 patients (14.3%) did not receive a molecular diagnosis. Early misdiagnoses frequently occurred; diagnostic delay was 10.2 ± 11.2 years, being reduced in patients presenting from 2007 to 2016. The discordance between genotypic and phenotypic sex during pregnancy or at birth determined early reason for referral in a considerable percentage (4.9%). Conclusion: Misdiagnosis and long diagnostic delays are present in females with 46, XY DSD in Italy, but the new genetic techniques permit faster right diagnoses in the last years. The centralization in dedicated third level units permits to reduce the number of patients without a molecular diagnosis, allowing better clinical management and appropriate genetic counselling.
2021
Costagliola, G; Cosci, O di Coscio M; Masini, B; Baldinotti, F; Caligo, Ma; Tyutyusheva, N; Sessa, Mr; Peroni, D; Bertelloni, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1070635
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