Background: Deficiency of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (17β-HSD3) is a rare autosomal recessive 46,XY disorder of sex development (DSD). It is due to pathogenetic variants in the HSD17B3 gene. Mutated genes encode an abnormal enzyme with absent or reduced ability to convert Δ4-androstenedione (Δ4-A) to testosterone (T) in the fetal testis. Affected individuals are usually raised as females and diagnosis is made at puberty, when they show virilization. Methods: A girl with a presumptive diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome underwent endocrine and genetic assessment. Long-term follow-up was reported. Results: The diagnosis of 17β-HSD3 deficiency was made (stimulated T/Δ4-A ratio: 0.15; HSD17B3 gene analysis: c.277+4A>T in intron 3/c.640_645del (p.Glu214_Glu215del) in exon 9. After extensive information, parents decided to maintain female sex. Gonadal removal was performed and histological evaluation demonstrated deep fibrosis of testicular tissue. Follow-up till 8.5 years of age showed somatic and neuro-psychological development fitting with the female sex. Conclusions: Management of a child with the rare 17β-HSD3 deficiency remains challenging. Any decision must be carefully evaluated with parents. Long-term follow-up must be warranted by a multidisciplinary DSD team to evaluate the adequacy of the choices made on quality of life in later life.

17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 deficiency: female sex assignment and follow-up

TyuTyusheva N;Peroni D;Baroncelli GI;Bertelloni S.
2020

Abstract

Background: Deficiency of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (17β-HSD3) is a rare autosomal recessive 46,XY disorder of sex development (DSD). It is due to pathogenetic variants in the HSD17B3 gene. Mutated genes encode an abnormal enzyme with absent or reduced ability to convert Δ4-androstenedione (Δ4-A) to testosterone (T) in the fetal testis. Affected individuals are usually raised as females and diagnosis is made at puberty, when they show virilization. Methods: A girl with a presumptive diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome underwent endocrine and genetic assessment. Long-term follow-up was reported. Results: The diagnosis of 17β-HSD3 deficiency was made (stimulated T/Δ4-A ratio: 0.15; HSD17B3 gene analysis: c.277+4A>T in intron 3/c.640_645del (p.Glu214_Glu215del) in exon 9. After extensive information, parents decided to maintain female sex. Gonadal removal was performed and histological evaluation demonstrated deep fibrosis of testicular tissue. Follow-up till 8.5 years of age showed somatic and neuro-psychological development fitting with the female sex. Conclusions: Management of a child with the rare 17β-HSD3 deficiency remains challenging. Any decision must be carefully evaluated with parents. Long-term follow-up must be warranted by a multidisciplinary DSD team to evaluate the adequacy of the choices made on quality of life in later life.
Faienza, Mf; Baldinotti, F; Marrocco, G; Tyutyusheva, N; Peroni, D; Baroncelli, Gi; Bertelloni, S.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1070649
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact