The glucose analog F-18-FDG is commonly used to quantify regional glucose uptake in vivo. The aim of this study was to test whether the analysis of plasma F-18-FDG kinetics could be used to estimate endogenous glucose production (EGP) and the total rate of appearance (Ra), total rate of disappearance (Rd), and the metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of glucose. Methods: Fourteen pigs were coinjected with F-18-FDG and 6,6-H-2-glucose (H-2-G) during fasting (n = 6)and during physiologic(1.0 mU(.)kg(-1.)min(-1), n = 4) and supraphysiologic (5.0 mU(.)kg(-1.)min(-1), n = 4) euglycemic hyperinsulinemia. Arterial plasma was sampled for 180 min to quantify the parameters for the 2 tracers. Results: Fasting Rd(H-G)(2) and Rd(FDG) were 12.3 +/- 2.1 and 13.3 +/- 1.3 mu mol(.)kg(-1.)min(-1) (difference not statistically significant [NS]). M values were more than doubled between the 2 clamp studies (P < 0.0001). Rd(H-G)(2) and Rd(FDG) were dose-dependently higher during the hyperinsulinemic state (19.8 +/- 3.7 vs. 18.9 +/- 1.1 and 31.4 +/- 4.1 vs. 31.9 +/- 2.3 in 1.0 and 5.0 mU(.)kg(-l.)min(-1) studies, respectively; difference between tracers NS) than during the fasting state, with a parallel suppression of EGP(H-G)(2) and EGP(FDG). Parameters estimated by 18F-FDG and 2H-G were equivalent in all groups; their agreement was confirmed by Bland-Altman examination. Total Rd(FDG) correlated with Rd(H-G)(2) (r = 0.74; P = 0.003), M (r 0.92; P - 0.001) MCRH-G2 (r = 0.52; P = 0.037), and EGP(H-G)(2) (r = -0.71; P 0.004). EGPFDG correlated with EGP(H-G)(2) (r = 0.62; P = 0.018), Rd(H-G)(2) (r = -0.78; P = 0.001), and MCRH-G2 (r = -0.67; P = 0.008). The F-18-FDG mean transit time correlated inversely with the M and Rd values and positively with EGP. Conclusion: The glucose analog F-18-FDG can be used in the simultaneous estimation of whole-body glucose turnover and production and regional F-18-FDG PET measurements under both fasting and insulin-stimulated conditions.
|Autori:||Iozzo P; Gastaldelli A; Jarvisalo MJ; Kiss J; Borra R; Buzzigoli E; Viljanen A; Naum G; Viljanen T; Oikonen V; Knuuti J; Savunen T; Salvadori PA; Ferrannini E; Nuutila P|
|Titolo:||F-18-FDG assessment of glucose disposal and production rates during fasting and insulin stimulation: A validation study|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|