Background: Doxapram is a respiratory stimulant widely used for the treatment of idiopathic apnea of prematurity, although it has been demonstrated that it can induce a transient decrease of cerebral blood flow and that isolated mental delay in infants weighing <1,250 g is associated with the total dosage and duration of doxapram therapy. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of doxapram on cerebral hemodynamics in preterm infants using cerebral Doppler ultrasonography and near-infrared spectroscopy. Methods: Preterm infants who required treatment with doxapram for apnea of prematurity unresponsive to caffeine were treated with doxapram at an hourly dose of 0.5 mg·kg -1middot;h-1, followed by 1.5 and 2.5 mg·kg -1·h-1. Results: 20 preterm infants were studied. Doxapram induced a significant decrease of oxygenated hemoglobin (O 2Hb) and cerebral intravascular oxygenation (HbD = O2Hb - HHb) and an increase of HHb and CtOx concentrations, while cerebral blood volume and cerebral blood flow velocity did not change. Conclusions: Doxapram infusion induces the increase of cerebral oxygen consumption and requirement and the contemporary decrease of oxygen delivery probably mediated by a decrease of cerebral blood flow. Caution must be recommended in prescribing this drug for apnea of prematurity. Copyright © 2006 S. Karger AG.

Brain hemodynamic effects of doxapram in preterm infants

Filippi L.;
2006

Abstract

Background: Doxapram is a respiratory stimulant widely used for the treatment of idiopathic apnea of prematurity, although it has been demonstrated that it can induce a transient decrease of cerebral blood flow and that isolated mental delay in infants weighing <1,250 g is associated with the total dosage and duration of doxapram therapy. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of doxapram on cerebral hemodynamics in preterm infants using cerebral Doppler ultrasonography and near-infrared spectroscopy. Methods: Preterm infants who required treatment with doxapram for apnea of prematurity unresponsive to caffeine were treated with doxapram at an hourly dose of 0.5 mg·kg -1middot;h-1, followed by 1.5 and 2.5 mg·kg -1·h-1. Results: 20 preterm infants were studied. Doxapram induced a significant decrease of oxygenated hemoglobin (O 2Hb) and cerebral intravascular oxygenation (HbD = O2Hb - HHb) and an increase of HHb and CtOx concentrations, while cerebral blood volume and cerebral blood flow velocity did not change. Conclusions: Doxapram infusion induces the increase of cerebral oxygen consumption and requirement and the contemporary decrease of oxygen delivery probably mediated by a decrease of cerebral blood flow. Caution must be recommended in prescribing this drug for apnea of prematurity. Copyright © 2006 S. Karger AG.
Dani, C.; Bertini, G.; Pezzati, M.; Pratesi, S.; Filippi, L.; Tronchin, M.; Rubaltelli, F. F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1072161
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