Objectives: We prospectively investigated the prevalence of curable forms of primary aldosteronism (PA) in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. Background: The prevalence of curable forms of PA is currently unknown, although retrospective data suggest that it is not as low as commonly perceived. Methods: Consecutive hypertensive patients referred to 14 hypertension centers underwent a diagnostic protocol composed of measurement of Na + and K + in serum and 24-h urine, sitting plasma renin activity, and aldosterone at baseline and after 50 mg captopril. The patients with an aldosterone/renin ratio >40 at baseline, and/or >30 after captopril, and/or a probability of PA (by a logistic discriminant function) ≥50% underwent imaging tests and adrenal vein sampling (AVS) or adrenocortical scintigraphy to identify the underlying adrenal pathology. An aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) was diagnosed in patients who in addition to excess autonomous aldosterone secretion showed: 1) lateralized aldosterone secretion at AVS or adrenocortical scintigraphy, 2) adenoma at surgery and pathology, and 3) a blood pressure decrease after adrenalectomy. Evidence of excess autonomous aldosterone secretion without such criteria led to a diagnosis of idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA). Results: A total of 1,180 patients (age 46 ± 12 years) were enrolled; a conclusive diagnosis was attained in 1,125 (95.3%). Of these, 54 (4.8%) had an APA and 72 (6.4%) had an IHA. There were more APA (62.5%) and fewer IHA cases (37.5%) at centers where AVS was available (p = 0.002); the opposite occurred where AVS was unavailable. Conclusions: In newly diagnosed hypertensive patients referred to hypertension centers, the prevalence of APA is high (4.8%). The availability of AVS is essential for an accurate identification of the adrenocortical pathologies underlying PA.
|Autori:||ROSSI GP; BERNINI G; CALIUMI C; DESIDERI G; FABRIS B; FERRI C; GANZAROLI C; GIACCHETTI G; LETIZIA C; MACCARIO M; MALLAMACI F; MANNELLI M; MATTARELLO M-J; MORETTI A; PALUMBO G; PARENTI G; PORTERI E; SEMPLICINI A; RIZZONI D; ROSSI E; BOSCARO M; PESSINA AC; MANTERO F FOR THE PAPY STUDY INVESTIGATORS|
|Titolo:||A prospective study of the Prevalence of Primary Aldosteronism in 1,125 HYpertensive patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jacc.2006.07.059|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|